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17/02/2011 - 13:00
The Physics and Philosophy behind Cosmic Time
How far back in time can we have knowledge of the universe? Most cosmologists would agree that the physics describing the ‘material content’ of the universe becomes increasingly speculative the further we go back in time. By contrast, it is widely assumed that the concept of time itself – by virtue of the cosmological standard model – can be safely extrapolated sixty orders of magnitude back from the present to the Planck...
Henrik Zinkernagel
10/02/2011 - 13:00
A Magnetized Jet from a Massive Protostar
Supersonic jets are observed to emerge from a wide variety of astrophysical systems, from young stellar objects (YSOs) to AGNs. Despite their different physical scales (from hundreds to billions of astronomical units), they have strong morphological similarities. However, it is yet unclear whether there is a universal mechanism that can explain the origin of all these jets. Theoretical models suggest that the magnetic field is a fundamental...
Carlos Carrasco González
03/02/2011 - 13:00
The Transneptunian Region and Clues about Planet Formation
The Transneptunian belt is a reservoir of icy bodies in the outer reaches of our solar system. This region is believed to be the source of the Jupiter-Family Comets and is also thought to contain very pristine material, the leftovers of planet formation beyond the ice line. Therefore, the TransNeptunian Objects (TNOs) carry important information on how the solar system was formed, and can give plenty of details on the processes that were...
José Luis Ortíz
01/02/2011 - 13:00
The ESO VLT instrumentation: Technical overview
The present talk emphasizes the most relevant challenges which have been overcome from engineering point of view in order to build the first generation of VLT instruments. Indeed, VLT instrumentation has meant an enormous leap into technical complexity with respect to existing instrumentation for 4m-class telescopes. How ESO has managed the design, procurement and installation of the VLT instrument suite is here presented, as well as the special...
Jean-Louis Lizon
27/01/2011 - 13:00
Substellar Objects in Nearby Young Clusters (SONYC): Towards an Unbiased Census
SONYC, "Substellar Objects in Nearby Young Clusters", is an ongoing project to provide a complete census of the brown dwarf and planemo (free-floating objects with masses comparable to those of massive planets)population in nearby young clusters. The SONYC survey relies on extremely deep wide-field optical and near-infrared imaging and follow-up spectroscopy. We make use of Subaru, VLT, Gemini, CTIO, NTT, and Spitzer to probe the...
Koraljka Muzic
26/01/2011 - 16:00
CheFlet polar basis for astronomical data analysis
We present a new method to decompose galaxy images. We have developed a polar orthonormal basis, built using Chebyshev rational functions to expand the radial coordinate, and Fourier series to represent the azimuthal component. The method can fit galaxies in a very compact way, including simultaneously most of the galaxy substructure and the extended wings of the galaxy profile. Some applications of this method are being developed: photometry...
Yolanda Jiménez Teja - Sala de Juntas del Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía (IAA-CSIC)
20/01/2011 - 13:00
Star formation at small galactic scales
We present a study of the distribution of star, gas, and dust components in star-forming regions in nearby galaxies. The targets sample a wide range of luminosities and morphologies in order to study how the violent star formation influences the dust and gas distribution inside the star-forming regions. The analysis is based on the comparison of multi-wavelength data from theFar-Ultraviolet (GALEX) to the Infrared (SPITZER and HERSCHEL).  
Mónica Relaño
13/01/2011 - 13:00
Observaciones de la atmósfera de Marte desde la Tierra
Hoy día hay un renovado interés en realizar observaciones de Marte con instrumentación en Tierra de un modo sistemático. Y hacerlo, ademas, en el infrarrojo. La tarea no está exenta de dificultades, incluyendo la contaminación telúrica y el pequeño tamaño del planeta rojo. En este seminario resumiré algunas de las investigaciones que se llevan a cabo, en las que participamos, y que están encaminadas a explotar una de las ventanas infrarrojas...
Miguel Ángel López Valverde
11/01/2011 - 16:00
Sondeo de la alta atmósfera de Venus y Marte usando espectroscopía molecular en el IR
La alta atmósfera de los planetas terrestres se caracteriza, entre otros aspectos, por sus bajas densidades y condiciones ópticamente delgadas a la radiación solar en el visible/UV. La única excepción son las bandas moleculares IR en la región espectral por encima de 2um por las cuales los procesos radiativos se hacen significativos. Por tanto, las observaciones IR constituyen una herramienta ú...
Gabriella Gilli - Sala de Juntas del Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía (IAA-CSIC)
16/12/2010 - 13:00
El campo magnético en galaxias
El campo magnético de una galaxia no es solamente importante porque nos proporciona un método de observación, sino también por sus efectos dinámicos. En el pasado se estudió el proceso v -> B pero cada vez se reconoce más el proceso B -> v , es decir el campo magnético ha dejado de ser una magnitud pasiva para influir activamente en el movimiento. La importancia del magnetismo galáctico afecta a determinadas estructuras y también...
Eduardo Battaner
09/12/2010 - 13:00
Galactic surveys of Planetary nebulae and their astrophysics: past present and future
I will briefly review the PN phenomena and describe the power of these objects as probes of stellar evolution and Galactic evolution. I will address their use as potent kinematic tracers and their value as cosmological distance indicators. Finally I will review the recent major progress in discovery, distance determinations and elimination of mimics before touching on the future potential using multi-wavelength optical-MIR-radio data.  
Quentin Parker
02/12/2010 - 13:00
Stellar Population Synthesis at the End of 2010
Recent developments in stellar evolution theory describing critical phases of this process (e.g. TP-AGB), and the availability of new libraries of theoretical and empirical stellar spectra allow us to build more complete and realistic population synthesis models than those in common use. I will discuss the application of these models to various problems of interest and will review those aspects that still require some amount of theoretical and...
Gustavo Bruzual
01/12/2010 - 16:00
Stelar Population Synthesis Models
Las galaxias son sistemas formados por muchas poblaciones estelares diferentes. Cada una de estas poblaciones deja su registro fósil en el espectro de las galaxias que nos da información sobre el proceso de formación y evolución de las mismas. Los modelos de síntesis de poblaciones estelares son una herramienta imprescindible para hacer este tipo de estudios ya que son la única manera que tenemos de...
Clara Cortijo Ferrero - Sala de Juntas del Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía (IAA-CSIC)
23/11/2010 - 13:00
Dark matter on department scale
The direct detection of dark matter on Earth depends on its density and its velocity in the Solar neighbourhood. Unforunately, it is uncertain whether the dark matter distribution on the relevant physical scales (milliparsec) is homogeneous or not. Traditional N-body simulations cannot achieve the required resolution, so we have developed an ingenious method, able to achieve virtually any arbitrary resolution at almost no computational cost....
Daniele Fantin
18/11/2010 - 13:00
Photometric Redshifts and Cosmology: ALHAMBRA, CLASH and the J-PAS Survey
I start with a brief overview of photometric redshifts. I describe the new version of the Bayesian Photometric Redshift software, BPZ, and compare its performance with other public photo-z codes as EAZY or LePhare on datasets like COSMOS or ALHAMBRA. I also introduce two large cosmological projects which heavily rely on photometric redshifts: the MultiCycle Treasury "Clusters and Supernova with Hubble" project, and the Javalambre-PAU...
Narciso Benítez
17/11/2010 - 16:00
Cosmología fotométrica
Se ahondará en los conceptos fundamentales de los "redshift-fotométricos" y se discutirá el papel que desempeña este tipo de herramientas en la cosmología moderna.
Alberto Molino Benito - Sala de Juntas del Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía (IAA-CSIC)
11/11/2010 - 13:00
A new sample of faint blazars
The available blazar samples were selected at relatively high limiting flux densities in the radio and X-ray band. Those samples have small sizes (30-50 objects) making it difficult to statistically derive parameters related to beaming effects. Moreover, the estimate of those parameters is based on bright and intrinsically luminous sources. A deeper, larger sample of blazars has been constructed by Perlman et al. (1998) and by Landt et al. (2001...
Franco Mantovani
04/11/2010 - 13:00
Mesospheric CO2 clouds on Mars: observations and study with a General Circulation Model
Mesospheric CO2 clouds have been recently observed on Mars, providing important information about the temperatures and winds at the mesosphere, an atmospheric region characterized by the scarcity of observational records. These clouds only appear at particular geographical locations, altitudes above the surface, and times of the year, posing interesting questions about the processes that are at the origin of these clouds. We use a computational...
Francisco González Galindo
02/11/2010 - 16:00
El puzle de la atmósfera marciana
Realizaremos una visión de la atmósfera de Marte desde las primeras interpretaciones al conocimiento cada vez más profundo desarrollado en las últimas décadas: desde su evolución, composición, perfil térmico, oscilaciones de masa y de temperatura, que fundamentalmente ha sido posible gracias a las misiones espaciales y al traslado de modelos teóricos ya testados en la atmó...
Javier Ruiz Madrona - Sala de Juntas del Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía (IAA-CSIC)
28/10/2010 - 14:00
On the discovery of the Zeeman effect on the Sun and in the laboratory
The origin of the discoveries, both on the Sun and in the laboratory, of the action of a magnetic field on spectral lines, the so-called Zeeman effect, is discussed. The talk embraces the period from 1866, the first date of which the speaker is aware of observed evidences about the widening of spectral lines in sunspots (as compared to those formed in the photosphere), until 1908, the year in which the magnetic field in sunspots is definitely...
José Carlos del Toro Iniesta
21/10/2010 - 14:00
Umbral dots: clues to the internal structure of sunspots
Sunspots have been studied since the time of Galileo, but they still remain one of the most active research fields in solar physics. Especially, research on the fine structure of sunspots made great progress with the advent of the Hinode satellite and CRISP spectropolarimetry at the Swedish Solar Telescope on La Palma. Umbral dots (UDs) are tiny bright points observed in the umbra of sunspots. They are scientifically interesting because they...
Hiroko Watanabe
15/10/2010 - 14:00
The Euler Characteristic as a Measure of the Topology of Cosmic Reionization
After giving basic information about what and how we know about the epoch of reionization, I will very briefly introduce the cosmic reionization simulations which I am analyzing. Next, the concepts of topology and, in more detail, the Euler Characteristic are introduced. Only after providing the audience with this necessary background, I will present some results from the analysis of our cosmic reionization simulations.  
Martina M. Friedrich
08/10/2010 - 12:30
El Centro Astronómico Hispano-Alemán: futura instrumentación y operaciones
El Observatorio de Calar Alto cuenta en estos momentos con tres telescopios ópticos-infrarrojos y un conjunto de 11 instrumentos que cubren un gran rango de necesidades en distintos campos científicos, con una demanda desigual por parte de la comunidad astronómica. A partir del segundo semestre del 2010 se procederá a la apertura del archivo público del observatorio, optimizando la producción científica. Además, se están desarrollando dos...
David Barrado
30/09/2010 - 14:00
The Pipe Nebula: Primordial conditions of a quiescent molecular cloud
We present the results of a new deep, near-infrared survey of the essentially starless Pipe Nebula, combining data from ESO, Calar Alto, and SPITZER telescopes, and the 2MASS survey. We use this new high sensitivity data set to construct dust extinction maps with spatial resolutions one order of magnitude smaller that the local Jeans Length. Our maps allowed us to determine the structure of the cloud down to and below the scale of dense pre-...
Carlos Román Zúñiga
16/09/2010 - 14:00
Active Galactic Nuclei at parsec scales
We present a representative SED for low-luminosity AGNs, built from high-spatial resolution data for the LINERs and faint Seyferts in the sample. This distribution differs from those of bright Seyferts and Quasars, suggesting that the internal structure of AGNs appears to be largely determined by the amount of energy released by the central engine. On the other hand, we present a multiwavelength study of the nuclear star-formation (~2.5kpc x 2....
Juan Antonio Fernández Ontiveros
09/09/2010 - 14:00
GO-IRS: a new multi-object spectrograph for the GTC
GO-IRS stands for "GTC Optical Intermediate Resolution Spectrograph". It is the answer of a big team of over 100 experienced researchers and engineers from the University of Florida, China and Spain to the recent call for new instrumentation for the 10.4 m Gran Telescopio Canarias (GTC). The GO-IRS main facts are: 1000 MOS fibres in a 15 arcmin circular field of view; 4x400 IFU fibres in the central 2 arcmin; resolution powers of R=20k...
José Antonio Caballero
06/09/2010 - 14:00
Fundamental Constants in Time and Space
According to the standard model of particle physics, fundamental constants, at least their low-energy limits, should be independent of time and location. Many fundamental constants of physics and astronomy are well defined locally. However, this "constancy of constants'' may not necessarily hold over the largest spatial and temporal scales, which are inaccessible by geological or astronomical studies of nearby targets. Now, advances in...
Christian Henkel
06/09/2010 - 10/09/2010
Spanish Relativity Meeting 2010
Granada
21/07/2010 - 15:00
Nubes interestelares, formación estelar, y fractales
El medio interestelar tiene una estructura que es jerárquica y autosimilar, propiedades típicas de ciertos objetos geométricos llamados fractales. En esta charla (menos esotérica de lo que  parece) explicare como hemos estado usando el análisis fractal para estudiar las propiedades de las nubes interestelares. También hemos estado estudiando la distribución de estrellas en cúmulos...
Néstor Miguel Sánchez Doreste - Sala de Juntas del Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía (IAA-CSIC)
15/07/2010 - 14:00
The Square Kilometer Array. Should we all wait until 2022?
The SKA, composed of several hundreds of 3 different types of antennas with separations up to 3000 km, and up to 200 square degrees FOV, can be considered as the largest, most sensitive, and most difficult radio telescope ever to be built. Some of the research areas where it will be able to provide fundamental answers include the dark era, when gas in galaxies was first turned in stars and the first black holes formed, star formation in nearby...
Lourdes Verdes-Montenegro
08/07/2010 - 14:00
Escalado de la variabilidad y la luminosidad en rayos X en fuentes ULXs
Las fuentes Ultra-luminosas en rayos X (ULXs, del inglés Ultra-luminous X-ray sources) pueden ser la población que conecta los agujeros negros de nuestra Galaxia (<1000 MSol) y los objetos supermasivos en el centro de las galaxias (1E+05-1E+08 MSol). Éstos son los denominados agujeros negros de masas intermedias (1000-100000 MSol). Sin embargo su naturaleza aún no está clara. Recientemente hemos investigado la relación entre la amplitud de la...
Omaira González Martín
02/07/2010 - 14:00
An Initial Mass Function for Individual Stars in Galactic Disks
The Initial Mass Function (IMF) has been derived by a variety of methods. Here we propose an IMF form (a Smoothed Two-Power Law psi_STPL) that approaches a power law at both low stellar masses (psi_STPL ~ m^(gamma)) and at high stellar masses (psi_STPL ~ m^(-Gamma)) with a turnover near the characteristic mass m_ch. The values of gamma and m_ch are derived from two integral constraints: i) the ratio of the number density of stars in the range m=...
Antonio Parravano
01/07/2010 - 14:00
Magnetic field configuration at the central region of our Galaxy
It has been long debated whether the magnetic field configuration at the central region of our Galaxy is toroidal or poloidal. Previous works that have addressed this question were mainly based on radio observations of non-thermal radio filaments, and sub-mm polarimetric observations of dense molecular clouds. I will present a result of a wide-field near-infrared polarimetric survey of the central 2 deg by 2deg region; these wavelengths trace...
Shogo Nishiyama
30/06/2010 - 15:00
¿Qué es una partícula?
Desde los inicios de la física, la idea de partícula ha jugado un papel fundamental en su formulación. Con la llegada de la mecánica cuántica, y más aun de la teoría cuántica de campos (la teoría cuántica que recoge además los postulados de la relatividad restringida), el concepto de partícula queda ligado indisolublemente al de onda. Sin embargo, ¿qu...
Por Luis Cortés Barbado - Sala de Juntas del Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía (IAA-CSIC)
17/06/2010 - 14:00
Gamma Rays from the Relativistic Plasma Jets of Blazars
X-ray and gamma-ray flares are a common occurrence in blazars, active galactic nuclei with relativistic plasma jets that are pointing almost directly at us. This talk will present the results of a comprehensive multi-waveband monitoring program of blazars with gamma-ray flares observed by the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope. The relative timing of the flares at different wavebands and the emergence of bright radio knots moving down the jet at...
Alan P. Marscher
09/06/2010 - 15:00
CGC: una Cámara de Gran Campo para el OSN
El Observatorio de Sierra Nevada (OSN) cuenta con dos telescopios principales de metro y medio (T150) y noventa centímetros (T90) de apertura. En la actualidad el T90 no dispone de ningún instrumento para obtener imágenes directas. El T150, por su parte, tiene acoplada de modo permanente una cámara CCD 2048 x 2048 que permite observar un campo de unos 8 minutos de arco, lo cual resulta demasiado pequeño para...
Miguel Abril Martí - Sala de Juntas del Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía (IAA-CSIC)
27/05/2010 - 14:00
An overview of regional atmospheric phenomena on Mars
Tbd  
Aymeric Spiga
20/05/2010 - 14:00
2009 Año Internacional de la Astronomía: un año para recordar
Hemos dicho adiós al Año Internacional de la Astronomía (AIA-IYA2009). En España nos propusimos organizar un Año de la Astronomía con un nivel de excelencia acorde con la magnífica evolución que esta rama de la ciencia ha tenido en nuestro país en las últimas décadas y lo hemos conseguido. Las cifras hablan por sí solas: más de 3100 actividades organizadas por al menos 1300 entidades con la participación de miles de personas que han convertido...
Montserrat Villar Martín
19/05/2010 - 15:00
¿Para qué (me) puede servir un GRID (del CSIC)?
Desde hace unos años se está creando a nivel europeo una infraestructura de computación distribuida geográficamente (GRID). Este GRID permite solucionar problemas computacionalmente costosos o masivos y potencia la colaboración de científicos de diferentes lugares, ofreciendo las ventajas de un sistema distribuido frente a un sistema centralizado como los supercomputadores. El CSIC participa en esta...
Antonio García Hernández, José Sabater Montes y Susana Sánchez Expósito - Sala de Juntas del Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía (IAA-CSIC)
13/05/2010 - 14:00
PLATO: The exoplanetary system explorer
I present a general overview of the PLAnetary Transits and Oscillations of stars (PLATO) space mission. PLATO was recently approved by ESA’s Science Programme Committee, together with Euclid and Solar Orbiter missions, to enter the so-called definition phase, i.e. the step required before the final decision is taken (only two missions will be implemented). To be launched in 2018, PLATO is a third generation mission, which will take...
Juan Carlos Suárez
06/05/2010 - 14:00
The IAA cosmic dust laboratory
Dust particles exist in a wide variety of scenarios ranging from the Earth's atmosphere to other planetary and cometary atmospheres in the Solar System, interplanetary medium, reflection nebulae, circumstellar disks, etc. Those dust particles play an important role in the radiative balance of the body under study. Light scattering properties of spherical particles can be easily computed from Lorenz-Mie theory. However, in the majority of the...
Olga Muñoz Gómez
29/04/2010 - 14:00
Molecular Gas and Star Formation in Local Early-Type Galaxies
The molecular gas content of local early-type galaxies is constrained and discussed in relation to their evolution. First, as part of the Atlas3D survey, we present the first complete, large (>250 objects), volume-limited survey of molecular gas in normal local early-type galaxies, obtained with the IRAM 30m telescope. In particular, we find a surprisingly high detection rate of 23%, independent of mass and environment, but dependent on the...
Martin Bureau
28/04/2010 - 15:00
MODELADO DE GALAXIAS CON ESPECTRO DE LINEAS DE EMISIÓN DEBIDO A FORMACIÓN ESTELAR
Generalmente se asume que el espectro de líneas de emisión de galaxias con formación estelar se puede modelizar mediante una única región HII. En este trabajo investigamos cuándo dicha aproximación es adecuada y cuándo el modelado se debe realizar mediante la emisión de un conjunto de diferentes regiones HII ionizadas por cúmulos de diversos tamaños. Con este fin...
Marcos Villaverde Aparicio - Sala de Juntas del Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía (IAA-CSIC)
27/04/2010 - 15:00
Stellar cusps in gallactic nuclei
We will give a brief introduction into stellar cusps in Galactic nuclei or, more in general, around massive black holes. We will treat topics such as: What is a stellar cusp? How does it form? What does the presence or absence of a stellar cusp tell us about a galactic nucleus? Is there a stellar cusp around the black hole at the center of the Milky Way?
Pau Amaro-Seoane (AEI, Potsdam) and Rainer Schoedel (IAA, Granada) - Sala de Juntas del Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía (IAA-CSIC)
22/04/2010 - 14:00
Supermassive Black Holes
Tbd  
Dr. Elena dalla Bontá
15/04/2010 - 14:00
ALMA/CASA: You better get ready for them!
ALMA is going to start its Early Science Observations during 2011 and a Call for Early Science with its compact array will be issued at the end of this year. At the same time, CASA, the software that ALMA users will have at their disposal, is being continuously developed. I will present an overview of a couple of workshops I attended in Manchester related to ALMA and CASA, which hopefully will encourage you to think for proposals with ALMA and...
Miguel Ángel Pérez Torres
07/04/2010 - 15:00
La PPN M 2-56: rápida evolución nebular gobernada por múltiples eyecciones post-AGB
La etapa de Nebulosa Protoplanetaria (PPNe) o post-AGB comienza cuando las estrellas, con masas en la Secuencia Principal (SP) entre 0.6-8 masas solares, abandonan la Rama Asintótica de las Gigantes (AGB) y termina cuando alcanzan la fase de Nebulosa Planetaria (PNe). La duración de esta etapa de la evolución estelar es muy breve, de ~1000 años, sin embargo en ella se producen cambios radicales que afectan tanto a...
Clara Cortijo Ferrero - Sala de Juntas del Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía (IAA-CSIC)
18/03/2010 - 13:00
Unfolding Properties of Mass Loss at the Tip of the Asymptotic Giant Branch
In the final stages of stellar evolution low- to intermediate-mass stars lose their envelope in increasingly massive stellar winds. Matter, which has been processed inside these stars, is thereby returned to the interstellar medium, and mass loss also determines properties of subsequent planetary nebulae. In order to obtain properties of winds at the tip of the asymptotic giant branch we observed weak halos of a set of planetary nebulae in the...
Christer Sandin
17/03/2010 - 16:00
El arco iris como medidor de distancias cosmológicas.
Comenzando con una breve introducción histórica, me gustaría aprovechar esta sesión CCD para presentaros, de una forma sencilla, qué son, por qué surgen, para qué se utilizan y por qué se han convertido en una herramienta tan importante los famosos “photometric redshifts”, en el marco de la cosmología moderna. Curvaturas, geometrías, dilataciones espacio­...
Alberto Molino Benito - Sala de Juntas del Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía (IAA-CSIC)
16/03/2010 - 13:00
OCTOCAM: A fast multichannel camera and spectrograph for the 10.4m GTC
OCTOCAM is a high time-resolution multi-channel instrument that is being proposed for the 10.4m GTC telescope. It will perform simultaneous observations in 8 bands, covering the complete spectrum from the ultraviolet (u-band) to the near infrared (K-band) in a single exposure. An imaging mode will allow to observe a field of 2'x2' in all ugrizJHK bands, with the possibility to observe at time resolutions of up to 10 ms, while the spectroscopic...
Antonio de Ugarte Postigo
11/03/2010 - 13:00
Size matters
This is a talk I gave last October in Freiburg as the opening key-note lecture of the "1st EAST-ATST Workshop". The American ATST (Advanced Technology Solar Telescope) and the European EST (European Solar Telescope) are projects for designing and building the new generation of large-aperture, solar telescopes. Both of the 4-m class constitute a technological breakthrough and promise a significant step forward in our understanding of...
José Carlos del Toro Iniesta
08/03/2010 - 10/03/2010
8th Workshop 'Estallidos de formación estelar'
Granada
04/03/2010 - 13:00
Structure and kinematics of the Milky Way's nuclear star cluster
The Galactic center is a unique target for studying the properties of the nuclei of galaxies in general. The supermassive black hole, Sagittarius A*, that is located at the dynamical center of the Milky Way is surrounded by the densest and most massive star cluster of our Galaxy. In this talk I will focus on the most recent results of research on the structure and kinematics of the Milky Way's nuclear star cluster. Adaptive optics imaging is a...
Rainer Schoedel
25/02/2010 - 13:00
Testing spectral models for Stellar Populations
High spectral resolution evolutionary synthesis models have become a routinely used ingredient in extragalactic work, and as such deserve thorough testing. Star clusters are ideal laboratories for such tests. In this talk I apply the spectral fitting methodology to a sample of clusters, mainly from the Magellanic Clouds and spanning a wide range in age and metallicity, fitting their integrated light spectra with a suite of modern evolutionary...
Rosa González Delgado
24/02/2010 - 16:00
e-Ciencia de la A a la Z
Al hablar de e-Ciencia es complicado no mencionar los Grids. Al hablar de Grid es fácil relacionar con computación. Pero podemos ampliar este concepto pues, al fin y al cabo, un Grid viene a ser una malla que conecta cosas. Estas cosas están distribuidas geográficamente e interconectadas en red. De esta forma podemos tener no solo Grids de computación, sino también de datos o instrumentos, e incluso...
Mamen Argudo Fernández (IAA) - Sala de Juntas del Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía (IAA-CSIC)
19/02/2010 - 18:00
Pulsating stars harbouring planets
In this talk, I present a review of the current status of the very recent line of research linking stellar seismology and exoplanet search. I give a summary of the main exoplanet searching techniques and a general overview of stellar seismology. Some examples of the synergies between these two lines will also be given. If a star harbouring planets is found to be pulsating, our knowledge of the physical characteristics of these planets is...
Andrés Moya Bedón
16/02/2010 - 12:00
Extragalactic research with the Virtual Observatory
Nowadays, following years of technological development, Virtual Observatory standards, resources, and services became powerful enough to help astronomers making real science on everyday basis. An astronomer is able to combine ``online'' VO-enabled parts with ``offline'' research stages including dedicated data processing and analysis, observations, numerical simulations. I will present three VO-science projects combining VO and non-VO blocks,...
Igor Chilingarian
11/02/2010 - 13:00
Observational constrains to galaxy evolution from the distribution of integrated stellar ages and metallicities in spiral galaxies
I will present new results on the integrated stellar populations of bulges, bars and disks of spiral galaxies from long-slit spectroscopic observations. We have derived the ages and metallicities using both the whole spectra and stellar line-strength indices along the bar and bulges for a sample of 20 disk galaxies and derived the populations in the disks of four galaxies using GEMINI spectroscopic data. We find, in the distribution of stellar...
Isabel Pérez Martín
04/02/2010 - 13:00
First results of the Fermi Large Area Telescope
The Fermi Large Area Telescope (Fermi LAT) is a pair conversion telescope sensitive to photons in the energy range 30 MeV to >300 GeV. It was launched on June 11th 2008 and has now been successfully operating for over a year and made breakthrough discoveries in high energy astrophysics. In this seminar I will give an overview of the results from Fermi LAT and the implication it has had in astrophysics and astro-particle physics.  
Gudlaugur Johannesson
03/02/2010 - 11:00
Amoniaco en regiones de formación estelar masiva con condiciones extremas
Hoy en día se piensa que se comprende bastante bien el proceso mediante el cuál se forman las estrellas de baja masa, sin embargo a día de hoy aún se sabe muy poco acerca de la formación de estrellas de alta masa. Los Nucleos Moleculares Calientes (NMC) se han propuesto como una de las etapas más tempranas en la formación de una estrella de alta masa, se piensan que en su interior ya existe una...
Juan Manuel Mayén Gijón (IAA-CSIC) - Sala de Juntas del Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía (IAA-CSIC)
28/01/2010 - 13:00
The Galactic O-Star Spectral Survey (GOSSS)
I present a large-scale spectral survey that is currently obtaining spectra of all known Galactic O stars down to B=13 with R=3000. The project includes additional observations of subsamples with [a] multi-epoch spectroscopy with R=40000, [b] flux-calibrated optical spectroscopy, and [c] high-spatial-resolution imaging. The main part of GOSSS is based on data from OSN, CAHA, and LCO. I will describe the current status of the survey and present...
Jesús Maíz Apellániz
21/01/2010 - 13:00
The First 3mm Polarimetric Survey of Radio Loud AGN
Relativistic jets in AGN are the most energetic and among the most powerful astrophysical objects known so far. Their relativistic nature provides them the ability to emit profusely in all spectral ranges from radio wavelengths to TeV gamma-rays, as well as abrupt variability in all time scales (from hours to years). After an extended review of the present knowledge of these objects, but paying particular attention to blazars, the main results...
Iván Agudo Rodríguez
19/01/2010 - 16:00
Manejo básico de IDL
IDL es un lenguaje de programación de alto nivel ampliamente extendido en el campo de la Astrofísica. Este seminario está enfocado a todos aquellos que se estén iniciando en IDL, y pretende introducirnos en el amplio abanico de posibilidades que éste ofrece para la lectura, análisis, procesado, técnicas de almacenamiento y representación de los datos científicos. Sin olvidar el...
Javier Peralta Calvillo (IAA-CSIC) - Sala de Juntas del Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía (IAA-CSIC)
19/01/2010 - 20/01/2010
III Reunión sobre e-Ciencia Andaluza
Granada
14/01/2010 - 13:00
Radio Supernovae: A Window into the Heart of Starburst Galaxies
High-resolution radio observations of the nuclear regions of Luminous and Ultraluminous Infrared Galaxies (ULIRGs) have shown that their radio structure consists of a compact high surface-brightness central radio source inmersed in a diffuse low brightness circumnuclear halo. While the central components could be associated with AGNs or compact star-forming regions, where radio supernovae are exploding, it is well known that the circumnuclear...
Antxón Alberdi
10/12/2009 - 13:00
eXtreme Multiplex Spectrograph for the 3.5m Calar Alto telescope
We'll describe the design and science case for the XMS spectrograph at the prime focus of the 3.5-m Calar Alto telescope that can deliver at least 4000 MOS slits simultaneously over a 1-deg field. This extreme multiplex capability means that 25000 galaxy redshifts can be measured in a single night, opening up the possibilities for large galaxy redshift surveys out to z~1 to study galaxy evolution by estimating galaxy group and cluster masses,...
Francisco Prada & Santiago Becerril
09/12/2009 - 16:00
Métodos Monte Carlo: ¿qué son? ¿para qué sirven? Hágase el suyo en media hora
Los métodos Monte Carlo son la forma más exacta de modelar un sistema microscópico (en el sentido estadístico), pero su coste computacional los han relegado al último puesto de la lista de opciones viables durante años. Sin embargo, todos tenemos ya sobre nuestras mesas un ordenador con al menos dos núcleos, cada uno de ellos con más potencia que una carísima estación de...
Daniel Guirado Rodríguez (IAA-CSIC) - Sala de Juntas del Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía (IAA-CSIC)
03/12/2009 - 13:00
Tracing dust at the edge of destruction: NIR observations of YSO transitional disks and nearby AGN with the Keck interferometer
After a short introduction to modern infrared long baseline interferometry, I will present the results of two actual projects of mine, dealing with dust around stars and AGN. Based on observations with the Keck interferometer, we could show that the infrared-excess in transitional YSO class II disks typically derives from circumstellar disk material, and not from a close companion star. Disk dissipation induced by planet formation now appears to...
Jörg-Uwe Pott
26/11/2009 - 13:00
GROND: A multi-channel imager on La Silla
GROND stands for Gamma-Ray Burst Optical/Near-Infrared Detector. It is a 7-channel imager developed by the Max-Planck-Institut for extraterrestrial Physics in Garching, Germany, with contributions from the Thueringer Landessternwarte Tautenburg, Germany. GROND is mounted at the 2.2m telescope on La Silla since mid 2007. A short overview is given about the instrument, its operation, and its scientific achievements.  
Sylvio Klose
24/11/2009 - 26/11/2009
OSIRIS (ROSETTA, ESA) Full Team Meeting 2009
Granada
19/11/2009 - 13:00
CARMENES, a next-generation instrument for the CAHA 3.5-m telescope
CARMENES is a study for a next-generation instrument for the 3.5m telescope at the Calar Alto Observatory that will be built by an international consortium. CARMENES stands for Calar Alto high-Resolution search for M dwarfs with Exo-Earths with a Near-infrared Echelle Spectrograph. Since M dwarfs have low effective temperatures (Teff < 4000 K), our spectrograph is designed to operate in the optical red and the near infrared, where they emit...
Pedro J. Amado
12/11/2009 - 13:00
An extremely prolific supernova factory in the buried nucleus of a starburst galaxy
Tbd  
Miguel Ángel Pérez Torres
11/11/2009 - 16:00
Científicos y periodistas, ¿condenados a entenderse?
Avanzamos hacia sociedades basadas en el conocimiento, donde el público demanda mayor y mejor información científico-técnica. Entre los obstáculos para la difusión de una información científica de calidad se encuentra la falta de entendimiento entre la propia fuente de información -por lo general, los científicos- y los llamados ‘traductores’ del mensaje -los...
María Teresa Bermúdez Villaescusa(IAA-CSIC) - Sala de Juntas del Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía (IAA-CSIC)
05/11/2009 - 13:00
ESO: a brief overview
Based on talks presented at the "Jornada ESO 2009", held on 22 September 2009, I will provide a brief overview of some statistical data related to ESO and particularly the role of Spain within ESO. I will also provide a brief overview of the current status of ESO telescopes and available instruments as well as upcoming developments, like ALMA/E-ELT.  
Rainer Schoedel
29/10/2009 - 13:00
PANIC: current status
We will present the current status of the PANIC project. This instrument will be the first to be built inside the Spanish-German consortium signed between MPIA and IAA for the development of new instrumentation for the Calar Alto Observatory. PANIC is a wide-field infrared imager for the Ritchey-Chrétien focus of the Calar Alto 2.2m and 3.5m telescopes. The camera optical design is a folded single optical train that images the sky onto the focal...
Matilde Fernández, Julio F. Rodríguez, Conchi Cárdenas y José M. Ibáñez
27/10/2009 - 28/10/2009
Primer Curso Práctico de la Red Temática SVO
Granada
22/10/2009 - 14:00
Light Scattering in the Solar System
A concise survey of light scattering by small dust particles in the atmospheres and surface layers of various Solar System bodies, comets, the interplanetary medium, and in planetary rings is presented. Current issues and recent developments are emphasized. Special attention is given to experimental and numerical approaches for solving problems of light scattering by non-spherical dust particles. Key areas for further research are pointed out...
Prof. J.W. Hovenier
21/10/2009 - 10:00
Perturbaciones en las observaciones. Ruido en sismología estelar
En cualquier observación intervienen factores no deseados que perturban las medidas y pueden falsear los datos. Puesto que el ruido constituye una barrera entre teoría y observación el conocimiento de las características del ruido que afecta a cada observación suele ser crucial en el trabajo de una buena parte de los astrofísicos. En esta charla se quiere dar una visión general del problema...
Javier Pascual Granado (IAA-CSIC) - Sala de Juntas del Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía (IAA-CSIC)
15/10/2009 - 14:00
Las variables luminosas azules de la Gran Nube de Magallanes en acción: La evolución estelar masiva en tiempo real
Las dos estrellas mas brillantes de la LMC en este momento son dos VLA en estado de erupción. Radcliffe 127 (R127) había sido una estrella de tipo Ofpe antes de 1980. En 1982 se descubrió que estaba entrando en una erupción de VLA, enseñándonos por primera vez la relación entre esos dos tipos de objetos peculiares. Estos eventos consisten en una expansión de la estrella y/o un eyección de una capa que reprocesa la luz ultravioleta hacia el rango...
Nolan Walborn
30/09/2009 - 10:00
Búsqueda de axiones mediante observaciones gamma de AGNs distantes
Axion Like Particles (ALPs), postulated to solve the strong-CP problem in Particle Physics, may play a crucial role in the correct interpretation of gamma-ray astronomical observations as well as in the solution of the dark matter problem. They are predicted to couple with photons in the presence of magnetic fields, which may lead to a significant change in the observed spectra of gamma-ray sources such as AGNs. Indeed, this mechanism could...
Miguel Ángel Sánchez-Conde (IAA-CSIC) - Sala de Juntas del Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía (IAA-CSIC)
24/09/2009 - 14:00
he central parsec of the Milky Way: shocks, outflows and young stars
Both a dense stellar cluster and streamers of gas and dust coexist within the central parsec of the Milky Way Galaxy, in the deep potential well of the 4 million MSun black hole at the position of the radio source SgrA*. A number of features in the local interstellar medium (ISM) reveal that there is a great deal of interaction going on at the Galactic Center (GC), building up evidence for the existence of outflow(s) in the central 0.5 pc. The...
Koraljka Muzic
17/09/2009 - 14:00
Oscurecimiento en LINERs
Tbd.  
Josefa Masegosa Gallego
10/09/2009 - 14:00
8 meses del Año Internacional de la Astronomía
145 países participantes. En España, más de 2000 actividades ya celebradas y más de 1000 entidades participantes. Tras ocho meses de celebración, y gracias a la implicación de miles de personas, el Año Internacional de la Astronomía ha dado lugar a la mayor red de divulgación científica que ha existido nunca. Hablaré de la evolución que ha seguido esta conmemoración durante este periodo, las principales iniciativas que se han impulsado a nivel...
Montserrat Villar Martín
02/07/2009 - 14:00
Sunrise: una revisión previa a la ciencia
En esta charla pretendo dar una visión global de la misión Sunrise, de sus propósitos científicos y de su desarrollo tecnológico. En particular me centraré en IMaX, el magnetógrafo solar en el cual ha participado con éxito el IAA (CSIC), tanto en su definición científica como siendo responsable de toda la electrónica y software del instrumento. Describiré aspectos del diseño y fabricación, así como presentaré abundante material gráfico de la...
José Carlos del Toro Iniesta
25/06/2009 - 14:00
Asteroids as the parent bodies of meteorites: compositional differences and size-dependent transport mechanisms
Asteroids that come close to the Earth´s orbit (near-Earth asteroids, or NEAs) are targets of different sample-return space missions, providing us with material from their surfaces. Besides, we can also analyze the composition of meteorites in the laboratory, and run dynamical models that give us information about the source regions of NEAs and, consequently, the meteorites. By means of mineralogical analysis of their reflectance spectra,...
Julia de León Cruz
18/06/2009 - 14:00
25/20: The 25 greatest discoveries in astronomy and astrophysics of the 20th century
I will present my personal list of the 25 most important and influential discoveries in astronomy of the 20th century. I will analyse the papers that reported these discoveries by the year they occurred, the age of the discoverers and the country where the people worked. The decades 1911-20 and 1960s were the most productive of the 20th century, in spite of the arrival of computers and observatories in space. I suggest reasons for the decline in...
Prof. John Hearnshaw
03/06/2009 - 15:00
'Las Páginas Amarillas de la e-Ciencia en Andalucía' ¿Puede un conjunto de herramientas servir para toda la comunidad científica
Las páginas Amarillas de la e-Ciencia nacen como respuesta a una necesidad detectada por el proyecto de excelencia Creación de una infraestructura de e-Ciencia andaluza (e-Ca), dentro de la comunidad científica. En la sesión CCD de este miércoles, mostraremos el making off de estas nuevas páginas: Haremos un poco de historia sobre el proyecto; el contexto en el que surgen las Páginas Amarillas;...
Ana Rejón y Susana Sánchez (IAA-CSIC) - Salón de Actos del Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía (IAA-CSIC)
21/05/2009 - 14:00
Comparing High and Low Redshift Quasar Properties: Black Hole Masses and Eddington Ratios
Black hole mass and Eddington ratio estimates for quasars are of fundamental interest to astrophysicists and cosmologists. Comparisons of high and low redshift quasar properties are of special interest. Past comparisons have been unreliable because estimates are based upon measures of different emission lines in different redshift ranges. Are all broad emission lines valid virial estimators? Evidence suggests not motivating us to follow Hbeta...
Jack Sulentic
18/05/2009 - 21/05/2009
Workshop on Robotic Autonomous Observatories
Málaga
13/05/2009 - 10:00
ROSETTA OSIRIS y el fly-by con el asteroide STEINS: contribución del IAA en el análisis de las imágenes y overview del trabajo científico sobre los datos del fly-by
El día 5 septiembre 2008 la misión ROSETTA alcanzó su primer objetivo: Steins, un asteroide de 5 km de diámetro en el cinturón principal de asteroides. El instrumento OSIRIS (Optical, Spectroscopic, and Infrared Remote Sensing System) ha tomado varias imágenes de este cuerpo menor, revelándonos detalles sobre su aspecto, su naturaleza y su historia. El IAA pertenece al grupo internacional de...
Walter Sabolo (IAA-CSIC) - Salón de Actos del Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía (IAA-CSIC)
12/05/2009 - 15/05/2009
Galaxies in Isolation: Exploring Nature vs. Nurture
Granada
30/04/2009 - 14:00
PINGS: the PPAK IFS Nearby Galaxies Survey
I will present the PPAK Integral Field Spectroscopy (IFS) Nearby Galaxies Survey: PINGS, a 2-dimensional spectroscopic mosaicking of 17 nearby disk galaxies in the optical wavelength range. This project represents the first attempt to obtain continuous coverage spectra of the whole surface of a galaxy in the nearby universe. The final data set comprises more than 44000 individual spectra, covering an observed area of nearly 80 arcmin squared....
F. Rosales-Ortega
23/04/2009 - 14:00
CdC-SF: A precise proper motion catalogue from 'Carte du Ciel' plates, San Fernando Zone
I will present an astrometric catalogue of positions and proper motions derived from the "Carte du Ciel" plates, San Fernando zone, which has a mean epoch 1901.4 and a limiting magnitude V~15. Digitization has been made using a conventional flatbed scanner. Special techniques have been developed to handle the combination of plate material and the large distortion introduced by the scanner. A variety of post-scan corrections are shown...
Belén Vicente
22/04/2009 - 15:00
Everything you wanted to know about Unidentified Infrared Bands (but did not dare to ask)
Unidentified infrared bands (UIRs) are a family of bands that dominate the IR spectra of a wide variety of objects, including HII regions, PNe, post-AGB objects, YSOs the diffuse ISM, galaxies and galactic nuclei. Understanding these features and the origin and evolution of their carrier has become an important problem in astrophysics: thanks to ISO and Spitzer we now have a better insight of the problem, but still much work has to be done....
Alessandra Candian (University of Nottingham) - Salón de Actos del Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía (IAA-CSIC)
16/04/2009 - 14:00
Can we find Earth-mass planets orbiting our nearest star, alpha centauri?
I will describe a new program at Mt John that aims to find Earth-mass planets orbiting either alpha Cen A or B, which are solar type stars in a well known binary. We are measuring precise radial velocities using the Hercules spectrograph, which I will describe. At least 10000 spectra at S/N ~ 500:1 giving 1 m/s precision will be needed. Theoretical studies show that Earth mass planets can have stable orbits to 3 AU and that such planets will...
Prof. John B. Hearnshaw
15/04/2009 - 10:00
ASTEROSEISMOLOGY: What, how and what for?
What is Asteroseismology? What is it used for? How do we (asteroseismology scientists) work? These are the questions I want to answer in this talk. I will make a short introduction to variable stars and say some words about stellar interiors and the method generally used for the study of pulsations: the perturbative method. Finally, I will explain an example of how we work. I will make a travel from the moment of taking the data to the final...
Antonio García Hernández - Salón de Actos del Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía (IAA-CSIC)
31/03/2009 - 14:00
Extended Emission Line Regions around radio-quiet QSOs
It was noted soon after the discovery of the first quasars that some of them were surrounded by a nebulosity. Narrow-band imaging surveys and spectroscopic studies of quasars by Stockton et al. and Boroson et al. in the 1980s revealed that these nebulosities originated from extended emission-line regions (EELRs) where gaseous material is kept photoionized by the quasar. Since most of these quasars are radio-loud ones, it has been thought that...
Bernd Husemann
26/03/2009 - 13:00
Misión espacial Kepler. Planetas y Estrellas: Oferta 2x1
En los últimos años se han lanzado dos misiones espaciales CoRoT (CNES, ESA) y Kepler (NASA) que presentan objetivos científicos. Por un lado, buscar exoplanetas, i.e. planetas fuera del Sistema Solar, aquellos que se encuentran en la zona habitable (planetas en lo que pueda haber agua en estado líquido). Y por otro lado, observar estrellas para estudiar su estructura interna y evolución, haciendo uso de la Astrosismología. En esta charla...
Juan Carlos Suárez

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