Chromospheric polarimetry through multiline observations of the 850-nm spectral region - II. A magnetic flux tube scenario

DOI: 
10.1093/mnras/stx2022
Publication date: 
01/11/2017
Main author: 
Quintero Noda, C.
IAA authors: 
Orozco Suárez, D.
Authors: 
Quintero Noda, C.;Kato, Y.;Katsukawa, Y.;Oba, T.;de la Cruz Rodríguez, J.;Carlsson, M.;Shimizu, T.;Orozco Suárez, D.;Ruiz Cobo, B.;Kubo, M.;Anan, T.;Ichimoto, K.;Suematsu, Y.
Journal: 
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Refereed: 
Yes
Publication type: 
Article
Volume: 
472
Pages: 
727
Abstract: 

In this publication, we continue the work started in Quintero Noda et al., examining this time a numerical simulation of a magnetic flux tube concentration. Our goal is to study if the physical phenomena that take place in it, in particular, the magnetic pumping, leaves a specific imprint on the examined spectral lines. We find that the profiles from the interior of the flux tube are periodically doppler shifted following an oscillation pattern that is also reflected in the amplitude of the circular polarization signals. In addition, we analyse the properties of the Stokes profiles at the edges of the flux tube discovering the presence of linear polarization signals for the Ca II lines, although they are weak with an amplitude around 0.5 per cent of the continuum intensity. Finally, we compute the response functions to perturbations in the longitudinal field, and we estimate the field strength using the weak-field approximation. Our results indicate that the height of formation of the spectral lines changes during the magnetic pumping process, which makes the interpretation of the inferred magnetic field strength and its evolution more difficult. These results complement those from previous works, demonstrating the capabilities and limitations of the 850-nm spectrum for chromospheric Zeeman polarimetry in a very dynamic and complex atmosphere.

Database: 
ADS
URL: 
https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/#abs/2017MNRAS.472..727Q/abstract
ADS Bibcode: 
2017MNRAS.472..727Q
Keywords: 
magnetic fields;techniques: polarimetric;Sun: chromosphere