The CARMENES search for exoplanets around M dwarfs. Detection of a mini-Neptune around LSPM J2116+0234 and refinement of orbital parameters of a super-Earth around GJ 686 (BD+18 3421)

Publication date: 
Main author: 
Lalitha, S.
IAA authors: 
Bauer, F. F.;Amado, P. J.;López-González, M. J.;Rodríguez, E.;Rodríguez-López, C.
Lalitha, S.;Baroch, D.;Morales, J. C.;Passegger, V. M.;Bauer, F. F.;Cardona Guillén, C.;Dreizler, S.;Oshagh, M.;Reiners, A.;Ribas, I.;Caballero, J. A.;Quirrenbach, A.;Amado, P. J.;Béjar, V. J. S.;Colomé, J.;Cortés-Contreras, M.;Galadí-Enríquez, D.;González-Cuesta, L.;Guenther, E. W.;Hagen, H. -J.;Henning, T.;Herrero, E.;Husser, T. -O.;Jeffers, S. V.;Kaminski, A.;Kürster, M.;Lafarga, M.;Lodieu, N.;López-González, M. J.;Montes, D.;Perger, M.;Rosich, A.;Rodríguez, E.;Rodríguez-López, C.;Schmitt, J. H. M. M.;Tal-Or, L.;Zechmeister, M.
Astronomy and Astrophysics
Publication type: 
Although M dwarfs are known for high levels of stellar activity, they are ideal targets for the search of low-mass exoplanets with the radial velocity (RV) method. We report the discovery of a planetary-mass companion around LSPM J2116+0234 (M3.0 V) and confirm the existence of a planet orbiting GJ 686 (BD+18 3421; M1.0 V). The discovery of the planet around LSPM J2116+0234 is based on CARMENES RV observations in the visual and near-infrared channels. We confirm the planet orbiting around GJ 686 by analyzing the RV data spanning over two decades of observationsfrom CARMENES VIS, HARPS-N, HARPS, and HIRES. We find planetary signals at 14.44 and 15.53 d in the RV data for LSPM J2116+0234 and GJ 686, respectively. Additionally, the RV, photometric time series, and various spectroscopic indicators show hints of variations of 42 d for LSPM J2116+0234 and 37 d for GJ 686, which we attribute to the stellar rotation periods. The orbital parameters of the planets are modeled with Keplerian fits together with correlated noise from the stellar activity. A mini-Neptune with a minimum mass of 11.8 M<SUB>⊕</SUB> orbits LSPM J2116+0234 producing a RV semi-amplitude of 6.19 m s<SUP>-1</SUP>, while a super-Earth of mass 6.6 M<SUB>⊕</SUB> orbits GJ 686 and produces a RV semi-amplitude of 3.0 m s<SUP>-1</SUP>. Both LSPM J2116+0234 and GJ 686 have planetary companions populating the regime of exoplanets with masses lower than 15 M<SUB>⊕</SUB> and orbital periods &lt;20 d. Table A.1 and A.2 are only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to <A href=''></A> ( or via <A href=''></A>
ADS Bibcode: 
stars: individual: LSPM J2116+0234;stars: individual: GJ 686;stars: low-mass;techniques: radial velocities;planetary systems;stars: activity;Astrophysics - Earth and Planetary Astrophysics;Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics