The Dependence of Convective Core Overshooting on Stellar Mass: Reality Check and Additional Evidence

DOI: 
10.3847/1538-4357/ab1589
Publication date: 
01/05/2019
Main author: 
Claret, Antonio
IAA authors: 
Claret, Antonio
Authors: 
Claret, Antonio;Torres, Guillermo
Journal: 
The Astrophysical Journal
Refereed: 
Yes
Publication type: 
Article
Volume: 
876
Pages: 
134
Abstract: 
Overshooting from the convective cores of stars more massive than about 1.2 M <SUB>☉</SUB> has a profound impact on their subsequent evolution. And yet, the formulation of the overshooting mechanism in current stellar evolution models has a free parameter ({f}<SUB>ov</SUB>} in the diffusive approximation) that remains poorly constrained by observations, affecting the determination of astrophysically important quantities such as stellar ages. In an earlier series of papers, we assembled a sample of 37 well-measured detached eclipsing binaries to calibrate the dependence of {f}<SUB>ov</SUB>} on stellar mass, showing that it increases sharply up to a mass of roughly 2 M <SUB>☉</SUB>, and remains constant thereafter out to at least 4.4 M <SUB>☉</SUB>. Recent claims have challenged the utility of eclipsing binaries for this purpose, on the basis that the uncertainties in {f}<SUB>ov</SUB>} from the model fits are typically too large to be useful, casting doubt on a dependence of overshooting on mass. Here we reexamine those claims and show them to be too pessimistic, mainly because they did not account for all available constraints—both observational and theoretical—in assessing the true uncertainties. We also take the opportunity to add semiempirical {f}<SUB>ov</SUB>} determinations for 13 additional binaries to our previous sample, and to update the values for 9 others. All are consistent with and strengthen our previous conclusions, supporting a dependence of {f}<SUB>ov</SUB>} on mass that is now based on estimates for a total of 50 binary systems (100 stars).
Database: 
ADS
SCOPUS
URL: 
https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85067288025&doi=10.3847%2f1538-4357%2fab1589&partnerID=40&md5=3a5d0916bea4bc0caa0edd87a97a99f2
ADS Bibcode: 
2019ApJ...876..134C
Keywords: 
binaries: eclipsing;stars: evolution;stars: interiors;Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics