Gravitational lensing detection of an extremely dense environment around a galaxy cluster

DOI: 
10.1038/s41550-018-0508-y
Publication date: 
01/07/2018
Main author: 
Sereno, Mauro
IAA authors: 
Izzo, Luca
Authors: 
Sereno, Mauro;Giocoli, Carlo;Izzo, Luca;Marulli, Federico;Veropalumbo, Alfonso;Ettori, Stefano;Moscardini, Lauro;Covone, Giovanni;Ferragamo, Antonio;Barrena, Rafael;Streblyanska, Alina
Journal: 
Nature Astronomy
Refereed: 
Yes
Publication type: 
Article
Pages: 
744-750
Abstract: 
Galaxy clusters form at the highest-density nodes of the cosmic web<SUP>1,2</SUP>. The clustering of dark matter halos hosting these galaxy clusters is enhanced relative to the general mass distribution, with the matter density beyond the virial region being strongly correlated to the halo mass (halo bias)<SUP>3</SUP>. Halo properties other than mass can further enhance the halo clustering (secondary bias)<SUP>4-7</SUP>. Observational campaigns have ascertained the halo bias<SUP>8-10</SUP>, but efforts to detect this secondary bias for massive halos have been inconclusive<SUP>11-13</SUP>. Here, we report the analysis of the environment bias in a sample of massive clusters, selected through the Sunyaev-Zel'dovich effect by the Planck mission<SUP>14,15</SUP>, focusing on the detection of the environment dark matter correlated to a single cluster, PSZ2 G099.86+58.45. The gravitational lensing signal of the outskirts is very large and can be traced up to 30 megaparsecs with a high signal-to-noise ratio (about 3.4), implying environment matter density in notable excess of the cosmological mean. Our finding reveals this system to be extremely rare in the current paradigm of structure formation and, implies that enhancing mechanisms around high-mass halos can be very effective. Future lensing surveys will probe the surroundings of single haloes, enabling the study of their formation and evolution of structure.
Database: 
ADS
SCOPUS
URL: 
https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/#abs/2018NatAs...2..744S/abstract
ADS Bibcode: 
2018NatAs...2..744S
Keywords: 
Astrophysics - Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics