Characterization of subhalo structural properties and implications for dark matter annihilation signals

DOI: 
10.1093/mnras/stx026
Publication date: 
01/01/2017
Main author: 
Moliné, Ángeles
IAA authors: 
Prada, Francisco
Authors: 
Moliné, Ángeles;Sánchez-Conde, Miguel A.;Palomares-Ruiz, Sergio;Prada, Francisco
Journal: 
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Refereed: 
Yes
Publication type: 
Article
Pages: 
4974-4990
Abstract: 
A prediction of the standard ΛCDM cosmology is that dark matter (DM) halos are teeming with numerous self-bound substructure, or subhalos. The precise properties of these subhalos represent important probes of the underlying cosmological model. We use data from Via Lactea II and ELVIS N-body simulations to learn about the structure of subhalos with masses 10<SUP>6</SUP> - 10<SUP>11</SUP> h<SUP>-1</SUP>M<SUB>☉</SUB>. Thanks to a superb subhalo statistics, we study subhalo properties as a function of distance to host halo center and subhalo mass, and provide a set of fits that accurately describe the subhalo structure. We also investigate the role of subhalos on the search for DM annihilation. Previous work has shown that subhalos are expected to boost the DM signal of their host halos significantly. Yet, these works traditionally assumed that subhalos exhibit similar structural properties than those of field halos, while it is known that subhalos are more concentrated. Building upon our N-body data analysis, we refine the substructure boost model of Sanchez-Conde & Prada (2014), and find boosts that are a factor 2-3 higher. We further refine the model to include unavoidable tidal stripping effects on the subhalo population. For field halos, this introduces a moderate (̃20% - 30%) suppression. Yet, for subhalos like those hosting dwarf galaxy satellites, tidal stripping plays a critical role, the boost being at the level of a few tens of percent at most. We provide a parametrization of the boost for field halos that can be safely applied over a wide halo mass range.
Database: 
ADS
SCOPUS
URL: 
https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85020234904&doi=10.1093%2fmnras%2fstx026&partnerID=40&md5=aa8c7c4a58a09f658b71fdf4d1ce06cb
ADS Bibcode: 
2017MNRAS.466.4974M
Keywords: 
galaxies: halos;cosmology: theory;dark matter;Astrophysics - Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics