Imaging the Photoevaporating Disk and Radio Jet of GM Aur

DOI: 
10.3847/0004-637X/829/1/1
Publication date: 
01/09/2016
Main author: 
Macías, Enrique
IAA authors: 
Macías, Enrique;Anglada, Guillem;Osorio, Mayra;Gómez, José F.
Authors: 
Macías, Enrique;Anglada, Guillem;Osorio, Mayra;Calvet, Nuria;Torrelles, José M.;Gómez, José F.;Espaillat, Catherine;Lizano, Susana;Rodríguez, Luis F.;Carrasco-González, Carlos;Zapata, Luis
Journal: 
The Astrophysical Journal
Refereed: 
Yes
Publication type: 
Article
Volume: 
829
Pages: 
1
Abstract: 
Photoevaporation is probably the main agent for gas dispersal during the last stages of protoplanetary disk evolution. However, the overall mass-loss rate in the photoevaporative wind and its driving mechanism are still not well understood. Here we report multi-configuration Very Large Array observations at 0.7, 3, and 5 cm toward the transitional disk of GM Aur. Our radio continuum observations allow us to image and spatially resolve, for the first time, the three main components at work in this stage of the disk evolution: the disk of dust, the ionized radio jet perpendicular to it, and the photoevaporative wind arising from the disk. The mass-loss rate inferred from the flux density of the radio jet is consistent with the ratio between ejection and accretion rates found in younger objects, suggesting that transitional disks can power collimated ejections of material apparently following the same physical mechanisms as much younger protostars. Our results indicate that extreme-UV (EUV) radiation is the main ionizing mechanism of the photoevaporative wind traced by the free─free emission. The required low EUV photon luminosity of ∼6 × 10<SUP>40</SUP> s<SUP>−1</SUP> would produce a photoevaporation rate of only {\dot{M}}<SUB>w,{EUV</SUB>}≃ 1.3× {10}<SUP>-10</SUP> {M}<SUB>ȯ </SUB> yr<SUP>−1</SUP>. Therefore, other mechanisms are required to disperse the disk in the timescale imposed by observations.
Database: 
ADS
SCOPUS
URL: 
https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/#abs/2016ApJ...829....1M/abstract
ADS Bibcode: 
2016ApJ...829....1M
Keywords: 
ISM: jets and outflows;protoplanetary disks;radio continuum: stars;stars: individual: GM Aur;stars: pre-main sequence;Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics