Seminarios

Seminarios científicos impartidos por científicos y tecnólogos del IAA y de los muchos centros e instituciones de investigación que nos visitan. Muestra del intenso intercambio científico, se celebra a las 12:30 de cada jueves. Los seminarios se retransmiten en directo en IAA - CSIC Seminars Live.

Instrucciones
Para más información contactar con duffard (at) iaa.es.

251 - 300 de un total de 1117



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19/01/2017 - 12:30
Witnessing the birth of a planetary nebula
Planetary nebulae are one of the last stages of evolution of stars like our Sun. The beginning of photoionization, giving rise to a new planetary nebula, will certainly produce dramatic changes in the object, but this instant is difficult to observe, since it will only take a few decades. During of a long-time study of water masers in post-AGB stars and planetary nebulae, we identified an object (IRAS 15103-5754) in which we believe...
Dr. Jose Francisco Gómez
IAA - CSIC
12/01/2017 - 12:00
Calar Alto, presente y futuro
Esta charla pretende dar una visión general del estado actual del observatorio de Calar Alto mostrando los principales hitos conseguidos en los últimos años. La re-apertura de instalaciones, la concesión de nuevas ayudas del MINECO para mejoras de infraestructuras y la celebración del workshop de instrumentación en Granada, ha abierto un nuevo escenario que el observatorio va a afrontar en los próximos años.
Dr. Jesús Aceituno, director de CAHA
CAHA
02/12/2016 - 12:30
Multiwavelength analysis of PBC J2333.9-2343
Nuclear activity as is observed in active galactic nuclei (AGN) might be a phase occurring in all galaxies, and this activity could be recurrent. A perfect laboratory to test these scenarios are the giant radio galaxies, since their emission can be as old as 10⁷-10⁸ years. In the present work we focus on the nucleus of PBC J2333.9-2343, which called our attention because it is a giant radio galaxy that shows different and incompatible...
Dr. Lorena Hernández García
IAPS-INAF, Rome, Italia
01/12/2016 - 12:30
History of solar activity recorded in polar ice
Un equipo de investigación internacional en el que participa el conferenciante ha reconstruido la actividad magnética solar de los últimos diez mil años analizando para ello la concentración de isótopos cosmogénicos.
Dr. Antonio Ferriz
Universidad de Vigo
24/11/2016 - 12:30
Big Data at the IAA: main ideas and how to run a real application at the IAA computation cluster
A brief description of the Big Data paradigm is presented minimizing the technical details, reviewing previous work at IAA and showing a practical case demonstration.
Dr. Rafael Morales
IAA - CSIC
17/11/2016 - 12:30
The CaII triplet in Quasars: from the accretion disk to the star formation
Active galactic nuclei (AGN) show a great diversity of optical and UV emission line properties. Dynamical and physical models should be built accordingly. The presence of strong FeII emission suggested the existence of a region shielded from high energy photons, where the low ionization lines are emitted.
Mary Loli Martínez Aldama
IAA-CSIC
10/11/2016 - 12:30
Very High Energy gamma rays from AGNs: key for AGN structure and cosmological studies
The key for AGN structure and cosmological studies.
Dr. Josefa Becerra
NASA Goddard Space Flight Center / U. of Maryland
09/11/2016 - 12:00
Star Formation Close to and Accretion onto the Supermassive Black Hole Sgr A*
The environment of Sgr A* provides a window to the close-up study of star formation under extreme physical conditions
Prof. Farhad Yusef-Zadeh
Northwestern University
03/11/2016 - 12:30
A search for neutral gas outflows in nearby (U)LIRGs
I will present a search for outflows in a sample of 38 local (U)LIRG systems (51 individual galaxies) observed with VIMOS/VLT and SINFONI/VLT integral field units.
Dr. Sara Cazzoli
IAA - CSIC
24/10/2016 - 12:30
RadioAstron observations in the jet in 0836+710
Space VLBI observations with RadioAstron provide an extraordinary improvement of angular resolution.
Laura Vega
MPIfR (Bonn)
20/10/2016 - 12:30
The Unfied Model for AGN 30 years after, and recent support for an Evolutionary Model of AGN
I shall comment on the difficulties faced today by the so called "Unified Model" (UM) for AGN.
Prof. Deborah Dultzin Kessler
IA-UNAM, Mexico
04/10/2016 - 12:30
The VIMOS Ultra Deep Survey: galaxy formation and evolution, 13Gyr back in cosmic time
The first phases of galaxy formation and evolution remain poorly understood and improved observational constraints are needed to test the theoretical picture and simulations. I will present the results from the VIMOS Ultra-Deep Survey (VUDS)
Prof. Olivier Lefevre
Laboratoire d'Astrophysique de Marseille
29/09/2016 - 12:30
Presentation of the HETH group (High Energy Transients and their Hosts)
HETH (High Energy Transients and their Hosts) is one of the youngest groups at IAA, founded in 2012, and belongs to both the extragalactic and stellar department. Thanks to recent success in funding applications, both by the group and by external researchers, HETH has now grown to a group of 7 young researchers.
Dr. Cristina Thöne
IAA - CSIC
22/09/2016 - 12:30
Delving into the gas-phase of CALIFA galaxies to trace O and N gradients
CALIFA (Calar Alto Legacy Integral Field Area survey) has provided spatially resolved optical spectra of thousands of HII regions in spiral galaxies of the Local Universe whose properties can be linked with the integrated properties of the host galaxies...
Dr. Enrique Pérez Montero
IAA-CSIC
15/09/2016 - 12:30
Proxima b: What could I say you already do not know about it?
This august, we have published clear evidence of a planet orbiting the nearest star to Earth, Proxima Centauri, at a distance of 1.295 parsecs (4.2 ly) and one of the best-studied low-mass star.
Dr. Pedro Amado
IAA - CSIC
23/06/2016 - 12:30
Using the local gas-phase oxygen abundances to explore a metallicity-dependence in SNe~Ia luminosities
In this talk I present an analysis of the gas-phase oxygen abundances of a sample of 28 galaxies in the local Universe (z<0.02) hosting Type Ia Supernovae (SNe Ia). The data were obtained with the 4.2m William Herschel Telescope (WHT).
Manuel Moreno Raya
CIEMAT, Madrid
16/06/2016 - 12:30
Space VLB interferometer RadioAstron: status and results
The RadioAstron Space VLBI mission utilizes the 10-m radio telescope on-board the dedicated Spektr-R spacecraft to observe cosmic radio sources with an unprecedented angular resolution at 92, 18, 6 and 1.3 cm.
Yuri Kovalev
Lebedev Physical Institute, Moscow, Russia
09/06/2016 - 12:30
Blazars: Order and Disorder
Blazars are the most luminous persistent objects in the sky. They emit light across the entire electromagnetic spectrum, from low-energy radio waves to high-energy gamma-rays, and they exhibit variability on timescales that range from years down to minutes. The launch of the Fermi Large Area Telescope (LAT) in 2008 has ushered in a new era of high-energy astrophysics.
Prof. Nicholas Macdonald
Boston University, USA
02/06/2016 - 12:30
Star formation and AGN activity in the most luminous LINERs in the local universe
In this talk I will focus on the most luminous LINERs in the local universe, where we studied their SF and AGN activity in order to understand the LINER phenomenon in relation to star-forming galaxies and to compare their properties with those of the LINERs at z ~ 0.3.
Dr. Mirjana Povic
IAA - CSIC
25/05/2016 - 12:30
ECS: Diseño y construcción de Observatorios Astronómicos
ECS es una empresa de ingeniería especializada en Observatorios Astronómicos. Realiza los pertinentes estudios y evaluaciones de calidad de cielo, logística y necesidades específicas, para ubicar y diseñar el observatorio.
Francisco Ángel Espartero Briceño
Administrador ECS
19/05/2016 - 12:30
The magnetic field vector in solar chromospheric structures: the diagnostic potential of the near infrared He I 1083nm triplet
The solar chromosphere is permeated by solar structures such as sunspots, surges, flare ribbons, prominences (filaments) or spicules, where non-local thermodynamic equilibrium effects dominate the state of the plasma and where the magnetic fields are expected to be much lower in intensity than in the photosphere underneath.
Dr. David Orozco
IAA-CSIC
12/05/2016 - 12:30
Sgr A* and its environment: insights from X-ray observations
Almost every massive galaxy has at least one super-massive black hole (SMBH) at its center. Most (>90%) of those SMBHs are quiet. Understanding the accretion of low-luminosity SMBHs represents a very important and fundamental problem in astronomy.
Dr. Daniel Wang
University of Massachusetts
05/05/2016 - 12:30
Formación Estelar: ¿podemos acotar el problema?
Mientras que la evolución estelar conforma un cuerpo teórico bien estructurado, incluyendo aquí las últimas fases de la misma, la formación estelar está lejos de admitir una formulación teórica predictiva que permita, conociendo las propiedades físicas de la nube molecular, pergeñar las propiedades de la futura población estelar naciente.
Dr. Emilio Alfaro
IAA - CSIC
28/04/2016 - 12:30
The lifetime dilemma of evaporating black holes
The standard view is that black holes exist, maybe not with all the properties of strict black holes in classical General Relativity, but sufficiently close to them that one does not need worrying in the astrophysical practice.
Dr. Carlos Barceló
IAA - CSIC
21/04/2016 - 12:30
Colloquium on ERC's proposals
Colloquium on ERC's proposals
Drs. Alejandro Luque & Rainer Schoedel
IAA - CSIC
18/04/2016 - 12:30
Issues in star and cluster formation
The upper mass stellar initial mass function is similar to the mass function of young star clusters. I argue that this is a basic result expected when gravitational focusing on scales much larger than the Jeans length operate. I will also present recent VLBI studies of Orion which yield new distance estimates.
Prof. Lee Hartmann
University of Michigan
13/04/2016 - 12:30
Young brown dwarfs: exploring the bottom of the Initial Mass Function
Brown dwarfs are the objects that bridge the realms of stars and planets, making them important benchmarks for testing star and planet formation theories. In particular, studies of brown dwarfs at young ages are crucial for understanding the mass dependence in the formation and early evolution of stars.
Lda. Koraljka Muzic
Universidad Diego Portales, Chile
07/04/2016 - 12:30
CARMENES as a precursor for HIRES@E-ELT: First results at the telescope
CARMENES (Calar Alto high-Resolution search for M dwarfs with Exoearths with Near-infrared and optical Échelle Spectrographs) is the next generation instrument built for the 3.5m telescope at the Centro Astronómico Hispano-Alemán (Calar Alto Observatory; CAHA, Almería, Spain).
Dr. Pedro Amado
IAA - CSIC
31/03/2016 - 12:30
Are LIGO data connected?
The analysis of ultra-precise data of stellar light variations observed with satellites (CoRoT, Kepler, SoHO, etc.) has revealed some unexpected results that cannot be explained by theory.
Prof. Rafael Garrido/Dr. Javier Pascual
IAA - CSIC
17/03/2016 - 12:30
OCTOCAM: A fast multi-channel imager and spectrograph proposed for the Gemini Observatory
OCTOCAM has been proposed to the Gemini observatory as a workhorse imager and spectrograph that will fulfill the needs of a large number of research areas in the 2020s.
Dr. Antonio de Ugarte
IAA-CSIC
10/03/2016 - 12:30
Shaking the grounds of unification: are type 1 and type 2 AGN intrinsically different?
The simplest standard unified models of Active Galactic Nuclei (AGN), put forward more than 30 years ago, postulate that the diversity of observed properties of AGN can be largely explained as a viewing angle effect resulting in anisotropic nuclear obscuration. A key ingredient of these models is a homogeneous distribution of dust and gas located at tens of parsecs that obscures the AGN nuclear region from certain lines-of-sight (the ‘torus’)....
Dr. Silvia Mateos
IFCA-CSIC
04/03/2016 - 12:30
Multiwavelength studies of massive stars
We will review the importance of multi-wavelength studies of massive stars and how each of the wavelength ranges may provide crucial and complementary information to characterize these objects. We will discuss the consistency of UV through radio studies of O stars, LBVs and WRs as well as the reliability of analyses based on a limited wavelength region.
Dr. Francisco Najarro
Departamento de Astrofísica, Centro de Astrobiología, CSIC-INTA
01/03/2016 - 12:30
Massive galaxy clusters: from relaxed to highly substructured
Galaxy clusters are important in cosmology to set constraints on various parameters, but they are also intrinsically interesting, since they allow to study many physical processes. The DAFT/FADA survey of 90 clusters in the redshift range 0.4<z<0.9 has allowed us to analyse several aspects of clusters, linked with their formation. We will present here our search for substructuring and its variation with redshift. For subsamples of clusters...
Florence Durret
Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris
25/02/2016 - 12:30
Progress on the construction of the South African SKA Pathfinder (MeerKAT) and the African VLBI Network &The Australian Square Kilometre Array Pathfinder (ASKAP)
Progress on the construction of the South African SKA Pathfinder (MeerKAT) and the African VLBI Network &The Australian Square Kilometre Array Pathfinder (ASKAP)
Drs. Tracy Cheetham & Antony Schinckel
SouthAfrica - ASKAP Team, CSIRO Astronomy and Space Science, Sydney, Australia
18/02/2016 - 12:30
Experimental simulation of the atmospheric ablation of cosmic dust particles: implications for HPLA radar and lidar observations
The inner solar system is full of interplanetary dust particles (IDPs) originating from cometary trails and collisions between asteroids. The entry and evaporation of IDPs in planetary atmospheres is related to a variety of phenomena including formation of mesospheric metal layers and clouds, and stratospheric aerosol chemistry.
Dr. Juan Carlos Gómez Martín
University of Leeds, School of Chemistry, Leeds, UK
11/02/2016 - 12:30
The role of magnetic field for stability in relativistic jets
Relativistic jets have been observed or postulated in various astrophysical sources, including active galactic nuclei, microquasars in the galaxy and gamma-ray bursts. There are many unsolved problems related to the relativistic jets, for example, formation & acceelration, collimation, and long-term stability. The most promising mechanisms for producing and accelerating relativistic jets, and maintaining collimated structure of relativistic...
Dr. Yosuke Mizuno
Institute for Theoretical Physics, Goethe University, Frankfurt, Germany
04/02/2016 - 12:30
ORISON un proyecto de instrumentación astronómica estratosférica
ORISON es un proyecto financiado por el H2020 de la Unión Europea, dentro de la convocatoria INFRASUPP2, coordinado desde el IAA. Su objetivo principal es estudiar la viabilidad de una infraestructura de investigación basada en globos que permitan poner, a costes razonables, instrumentación de no demasiado peso (<500 kg) en plataformas estabilizadas, a alturas estratosféricas, del orden de 40km sobre el suelo, con objeto de conseguir metas...
Dr. Jose Luis Ortíz
IAA-CSIC
28/01/2016 - 12:30
Spectro-interferometry study of red supergiants
Red supergiant stars (RSGs) are cool and massive stars that evolve toward Wolf-Rayet stars and supernovae. They have extended atmospheres and strong stellar winds, which lead to significant mass loss. Currently, the mechanisms that explain the large observed atmospheric extensions are open to debate. The estimation of the fundamental parameters of these stars and their location in the HR diagram are very important for calibrating the...
Dr. Belén Arroyo-Torres
Universidad de Valencia
14/12/2015 - 11:30
Challenges of the Doppler technique in the presence of stellar noise for the detection of Earth-like exoplanets
The Doppler method is still the most efficient one in detecting exoplanets around nearby stars which are amenable for further characterization. In particular, planets as small as the Earth can in principle be detected in hot orbits around sun-like stars (G and K dwarfs), and warm to temperate orbits around M-dwarfs (M<0.5 sun) in orbital periods from a few days to tens of days. Unfortunately, these time-scales are plagued with structured...
Dr. Guillem Anglada-Escude
Queen Mary University of London, U.K.
03/12/2015 - 13:30
Presence and future of adaptive optics at the ESO VLT
In this brief talk I will present the current and near-future adaptive optics (AO) capabilities of ESO's VLT. I will report on a recent meeting at ESO, where we discussed science cases for future AO instrumentation at the VLT in the era of the E-ELT. Probably within the next year, the science cases for a 3rd generation AO instrument (to arrive at the VLT in ~ 2025) will be laid down in a white paper. The goal of my talk is to get the IAA...
Rainer Schoedel
IAA/CISC
26/11/2015 - 13:30
Following the posterior with the ALHAMBRA survey
The probability distribution functions (PDFs) provided by photometric redshift codes such as BPZ are a powerful tool for galaxy evolution studies. Despite of their potential, only a few studies in the literature attempt to use the full PDFs in their analysis and we are still learning how to make the most of them. We present the latests PDF advances from the ALHAMBRA survey, focusing in the estimation of the B-band luminosity function. We...
Carlos López-Sanjuan
CEFCA, Teruel
12/11/2015 - 13:30
High Spatial Resolution 2D Nebular Abundances in Disk Galaxies
Galaxies evolve through the changes that face their various components such as the gas, dust, stars, and dark matter. Gas and dust are prime ingredients for the formation of new stars, and thereafter the massive stars newly formed will quickly modify the chemical composition of galaxies whereas low mass stars will take more time to contribute to the interstellar gas enrichment. Beside the stars, other processes occurring during the galaxies...
Laurie Rousseau-Nepton
Universite de Laval, Quebec, Canada
08/10/2015 - 14:30
Dissecting a rare galaxy merger (the Hummingbird) with radio and mm-observations
The Bird is a luminous infrared galaxy product of a triple merger. Previous infrared observations have shown that the ongoing star formation in the least massive of the components (the head) outshines that of the mprimary nuclei (the heart and the body). This clashes with the commonly accepted major merger scenario in which the SF is expected to be higher in central compact regions. Here I will present preliminary results...
Cristina Romero-Cañizales
PUC
24/09/2015 - 14:30
Test In Space, your opportunity to experiment in orbit
Traditionally, experimentation in space has consisted in limited, expensive, long-term and complicated projects with hard requirements and restrictions. Currently, new space increases the possibilities to experiment in space for researchers from all kind of fields and, with TEST IN SPACE, this is also simple and fast. If you are interested in investigation under real space environment, you can just propose it to TEST IN SPACE. TEST IN SPACE...
tbd
Solar MEMS Technologies
17/09/2015 - 14:30
Baryon Acoustic Oscillations and the Expansion History of the Universe
The tiny inhomogeneities left over from the inflationary phase seeded the early Universe with primordial density perturbations. The photon-baryon fluid reacted to these perturbations by forming spherical pressure waves known as baryon acoustic oscillations (BAO). These waves propagated through the primordial plasma until the Universe became transparent to radiation, effectively stopping the dragging of the baryons by the photons. This left...
A. J. Cuesta, on behalf of the BOSS Collaboration
Universitat de Barcelona
11/09/2015 - 14:30
Untold Stories of Andromeda: A Multi-wavelength View of The Nuclear Environment in M31
The Andromeda galaxy (M31), which harbors the nearest LINER and the closest stellar bulge accessible in the optical, is an ideal laboratory for studying the physical regulation of galactic nuclei, and in turn the co-evolution of super-massive black holes and their host galaxies. I will provide an overview of the stellar and interstellar components of the M31 bulge, as well as its dormant but otherwise well-known SMBH, M31*. I will introduce...
Prof. Zhiyuan Li
Universidad de Nanjing/ China
17/06/2015 - 14:30
Into Darkness: the seek for pulsars in the Galactic Centre
Pulsars are highly-magnetized rotating neutron stars that emit beams of electromagnetic emission. They are unique astronomical laboratories, not only because they are the most magnetized, densest, directly-observable objects in the Universe, but also because they act as extremely precise clocks located all over the Galaxy. The variety of science enabled by pulsars is very broad, from, e.g., limits on the Equation-of-...
Pablo Torne
Max-Planck-Institut für Radioastronomie (Germany)
15/06/2015 - 14:30
The influence of dynamics on airglow and constituents in the terrestrial mesopause region
In the terrestrial atmosphere, the mesopause region (~90 km height) is a transition region between the inviscid lower/middle atmosphere and the geomagnetically forced geospace. It is a region of strong dynamical forcing and where several constituents vary strongly with height one of which is atomic oxygen. Airglow, which is the result of naturally occurring chemiluminescence in the mesopause region involving exothermic reactions associated...
Prof. William Ward
University of New Brunswick, Canada
11/06/2015 - 14:30
Ubiquitous magnetic flux emergence in the Sun: a fundamental process
The fundamental process of magnetic flux emergence happens continuously and everywhere over the solar surface, hence the ubiquitousness. No matter which spatial (granular, supergranular, active region) and temporal scale we look at buoyant magnetic field coming from the convection zone pierces the photosphere in the form of two opposite polarities and travels upwards through the solar atmosphere. We will describe the general characteristics...
Ada Ortiz Carbonell
IAA/CSIC
09/06/2015 - 14:30
Massive Star Formation at the Puerto Varas Workshop
The recent decades have witnessed major advances in our understanding of the formation of solar-mass stars. However, the formation mechanisms of stars at the extremes  of the mass range, that is, on one hand very massive stars and in the other brown dwarfs, remain poorly understood. I will summarize the main results presented in a recent meeting on massive star formation that took place in Puerto Varas,...
Luis F. Rodriguez
CRyA, UNAM, Mexico

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