Photometric and spectroscopic variability of the B5IIIe star HD 171219

Publication date: 
Main author: 
Andrade, L.
IAA authors: 
Suárez, J. C.
Andrade, L.;Janot-Pacheco, E.;Emilio, M.;Frémat, Y.;Neiner, C.;Poretti, E.;Mathias, P.;Rainer, M.;Suárez, J. C.;Uytterhoeven, K.;Briquet, M.;Diago, P. D.;Fabregat, J.;Gutiérrez-Soto, J.
Astronomy and Astrophysics
Publication type: 

We analyzed the star HD 171219, one of the relatively bright Be stars observed in the seismo field of the CoRoT satellite, in order to determine its physical and pulsation characteristics. Classical Be stars are main-sequence objects of mainly B-type, whose spectra show, or have shown at some epoch, Balmer lines in emission and an infrared excess. Both characteristics are attributed to an equatorially concentrated circumstellar disk fed by non-periodic mass-loss episodes (outbursts). Be stars often show nonradial pulsation gravity modes and, as more recently discovered, stochastically excited oscillations. Applying the CLEANEST algorithm to the high-cadence and highly photometrically precise measurements of the HD 171219 light curve led us to perform an unprecedented detailed analysis of its nonradial pulsations. Tens of frequencies have been detected in the object compatible with nonradial g-modes. Additional high-resolution ground-based spectroscopic observations were obtained at La Silla (HARPS) and Haute Provence (SOPHIE) observatories during the month preceding CoRoT observations. Additional information was obtained from low-resolution spectra from the BeSS database. From spectral line fitting we determined physical parameters of the star, which is seen equator-on (i = 90°). We also found in the ground data the same frequencies as in CoRoT data. Additionally, we analyzed the circumstellar activity through the traditional method of violet to red emission Hα line variation. A quintuplet was identified at approximately 1.113 c d<SUP>-1</SUP> (12.88 μHz) with a separation of 0.017 c d<SUP>-1</SUP> that can be attributed to a pulsation degree ℓ 2. The light curve shows six small- to medium-scale outbursts during the CoRoT observations. The intensity of the main frequencies varies after each outburst, suggesting a possible correlation between the nonradial pulsations regime and the feeding of the envelope. The CoRoT space mission was developed and operated by the French space agency CNES, with participation of ESA's RSSD and Science Programmes, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Germany, and Spain. This work is partially based on observations made with the 3.6-m telescope at La Silla Observatory under the ESO Large Programme LP185.D-0056.

ADS Bibcode: 
stars: early-type;stars: emission-line;Be;stars: individual: HD 171219;stars: oscillations;stars: rotation