Gamma-Ray Burst/Supernova Associations: Energy Partition and the Case of a Magnetar Central Engine

DOI: 
10.3847/1538-4357/aacd03
Publication date: 
01/08/2018
Main author: 
Lü, Hou-Jun
IAA authors: 
Kann, David Alexander
Authors: 
Lü, Hou-Jun;Lan, Lin;Zhang, Bing;Liang, En-Wei;Kann, David Alexander;Du, Shen-Shi;Shen, Jun
Journal: 
The Astrophysical Journal
Refereed: 
Yes
Publication type: 
Article
Volume: 
862
Pages: 
130
Abstract: 
The favored progenitor model for Gamma-ray Bursts (GRBs) with Supernova (SN) association is the core collapse of massive stars. One possible outcome of such a collapse is a rapidly spinning, strongly magnetized neutron star (“magnetar”). We systematically analyze the multi-wavelength data of GRB/SN associations detected by several instruments before 2017 June. Twenty GRB/SN systems have been confirmed via direct spectroscopic evidence or a clear light curve bump, as well as some spectroscopic evidence resembling a GRB-SN. We derive/collect the basic physical parameters of the GRBs and the SNe, and look for correlations among these parameters. We find that the peak brightness, <SUP>56</SUP>Ni mass, and explosion energy of SNe associated with GRBs are statistically higher than other Type Ib/c SNe. A statistically significant relation between the peak energy of GRBs and the peak brightness of their associated SNe is confirmed. No significant correlations are found between the GRB energies (either isotropic or beaming-corrected) and the supernova energy. We investigate the energy partition within these systems and find that the beaming-corrected GRB energy of most systems is smaller than the SN energy, with less than 30% of the total energy distributed in the relativistic jet. The total energy of the systems is typically smaller than the maximum available energy of a millisecond magnetar (2 × 10<SUP>52</SUP> erg), especially if aspherical SN explosions are considered. The data are consistent with—although not proof of—the hypothesis that most, but not all, GRB/SN systems are powered by millisecond magnetars.
Database: 
ADS
SCOPUS
URL: 
https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/#abs/2018ApJ...862..130L/abstract
ADS Bibcode: 
2018ApJ...862..130L
Keywords: 
gamma rays: general;methods: statistical;radiation mechanisms: non-thermal;Astrophysics - High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena