Magnetic fields in M dwarfs from the CARMENES survey

DOI: 
10.1051/0004-6361/201935315
Publication date: 
01/06/2019
Main author: 
Shulyak, D.
IAA authors: 
Amado, P. J.;Anglada-Escudé, G.;Bauer, F. F.
Authors: 
Shulyak, D.;Reiners, A.;Nagel, E.;Tal-Or, L.;Caballero, J. A.;Zechmeister, M.;Béjar, V. J. S.;Cortés-Contreras, M.;Martin, E. L.;Kaminski, A.;Ribas, I.;Quirrenbach, A.;Amado, P. J.;Anglada-Escudé, G.;Bauer, F. F.;Dreizler, S.;Guenther, E. W.;Henning, T.;Jeffers, S. V.;Kürster, M.;Lafarga, M.;Montes, D.;Morales, J. C.;Pedraz, S.
Journal: 
Astronomy and Astrophysics
Refereed: 
Yes
Publication type: 
Article
Volume: 
626
Pages: 
A86
Abstract: 
Context. M dwarfs are known to generate the strongest magnetic fields among main-sequence stars with convective envelopes, but we are still lacking a consistent picture of the link between the magnetic fields and underlying dynamo mechanisms, rotation, and activity. <BR /> Aims: In this work we aim to measure magnetic fields from the high-resolution near-infrared spectra taken with the CARMENES radial-velocity planet survey in a sample of 29 active M dwarfs and compare our results against stellar parameters. <BR /> Methods: We used the state-of-the-art radiative transfer code to measure total magnetic flux densities from the Zeeman broadening of spectral lines and filling factors. <BR /> Results: We detect strong kG magnetic fields in all our targets. In 16 stars the magnetic fields were measured for the first time. Our measurements are consistent with the magnetic field saturation in stars with rotation periods P &lt; 4 d. The analysis of the magnetic filling factors reveal two different patterns of either very smooth distribution or a more patchy one, which can be connected to the dynamo state of the stars and/or stellar mass. <BR /> Conclusions: Our measurements extend the list of M dwarfs with strong surface magnetic fields. They also allow us to better constrain the interplay between the magnetic energy, stellar rotation, and underlying dynamo action. The high spectral resolution and observations at near-infrared wavelengths are the beneficial capabilities of the CARMENES instrument that allow us to address important questions about the stellar magnetism.
Database: 
ADS
SCOPUS
URL: 
https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85068318449&doi=10.1051%2f0004-6361%2f201935315&partnerID=40&md5=3982b85f2eb8130f72dc63381fe9cff4
ADS Bibcode: 
2019A&A...626A..86S
Keywords: 
stars: low-mass;stars: magnetic field;stars: rotation;stars: atmospheres;Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics