A spectroscopic look at the gravitationally lensed Type Ia supernova 2016geu at z = 0.409

DOI: 
10.1093/mnras/stx2624
Publication date: 
01/01/2018
Main author: 
Cano, Zach
IAA authors: 
Cano, Zach;de Ugarte Postigo, Antonio;Kann, D. A.
Authors: 
Cano, Zach;Selsing, Jonatan;Hjorth, Jens;de Ugarte Postigo, Antonio;Christensen, Lise;Gall, Christa;Kann, D. A.
Journal: 
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Refereed: 
Yes
Publication type: 
Article
Volume: 
473
Pages: 
4257-4267
Abstract: 
The spectacular success of Type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia) in SN-cosmology is based on the assumption that their photometric and spectroscopic properties are invariant with redshift. However, this fundamental assumption needs to be tested with observations of high-z SNe Ia. To date, the majority of SNe Ia observed at moderate to large redshifts (0.4 ≤ z ≤ 1.0) are faint, and the resultant analyses are based on observations with modest signal-to-noise ratios that impart a degree of ambiguity in their determined properties. In rare cases, however, the Universe offers a helping hand: To date a few SNe Ia have been observed that have had their luminosities magnified by intervening galaxies and galaxy clusters acting as gravitational lenses. In this paper, we present long-slit spectroscopy of the lensed SN Ia 2016geu, which occurred at a redshift of z = 0.409, and was magnified by a factor of ≈55 by a galaxy located at z = 0.216. We compared our spectra, which were obtained a couple of weeks to a couple of months past peak light, with the spectroscopic properties of well-observed, nearby SNe Ia, finding that SN 2016geu's properties are commensurate with those of SNe Ia in the local Universe. Based primarily on the velocity and strength of the Si II λ6355 absorption feature, we find that SN 2016geu can be classified as a high-velocity, high-velocity-gradient and 'core-normal' SN Ia. The strength of various features (measured though their pseudo-equivalent widths) argue against SN 2016geu being a faint, broad-lined, cool or shallow-silicon SN Ia. We conclude that the spectroscopic properties of SN 2016geu imply that it is a normal SN Ia, and when taking previous results by other authors into consideration, there is very little, if any, evolution in the observational properties of SNe Ia up to z ≈ 0.4.
Database: 
ADS
SCOPUS
URL: 
https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/#abs/2018MNRAS.473.4257C/abstract
ADS Bibcode: 
2018MNRAS.473.4257C
Keywords: 
gravitational lensing: strong;supernovae: general;supernovae: individual: SN 2016geu;cosmology: miscellaneous;Astrophysics - High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena