The Galaxy 'Missing Dark Matter' NGC 1052-DF4 is Undergoing Tidal Disruption

DOI: 
10.3847/1538-4357/abc340
Publication date: 
01/12/2020
Main author: 
Montes, Mireia
IAA authors: 
Román, Javier
Authors: 
Montes, Mireia;Infante-Sainz, Raúl;Madrigal-Aguado, Alberto;Román, Javier;Monelli, Matteo;Borlaff, Alejandro S.;Trujillo, Ignacio
Journal: 
The Astrophysical Journal
Refereed: 
Yes
Publication type: 
Article
Volume: 
904
Pages: 
114
Abstract: 
The existence of long-lived galaxies lacking dark matter represents a challenge to our understanding of how galaxies form. Here, we present evidence that explains the lack of dark matter in one such galaxy: NGC 1052-DF4. Deep optical imaging of the system has detected tidal tails in this object caused by its interaction with its neighboring galaxy NGC 1035. As stars are more centrally concentrated than dark matter, tidal stripping will remove a significant percentage of dark matter before affecting the stars of the galaxy. Only $\sim 7 \% $ of the stellar mass of the galaxy is in the tidal tails, suggesting that the stars of NGC 1052-DF4 are only now starting to be affected by the interaction, while the percentage of remaining dark matter is $\lesssim 1 \% $ . This naturally explains the low content of dark matter inferred for this galaxy and reconciles these types of galaxies with our current models of galaxy formation.
Database: 
ADS
SCOPUS
URL: 
https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/#abs/2020ApJ...904..114M/abstract
ADS Bibcode: 
2020ApJ...904..114M
Keywords: 
Dark matter;Galaxy formation;Galaxy interactions;353;595;600;Astrophysics - Astrophysics of Galaxies;Astrophysics - Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics