Kinematics of Extremely Metal-poor Galaxies: Evidence for Stellar Feedback

DOI: 
10.3847/1538-4357/834/2/181
Publication date: 
01/01/2017
Main author: 
Olmo-García, A.
IAA authors: 
Pérez-Montero, E.
Authors: 
Olmo-García, A.;Sánchez Almeida, J.;Muñoz-Tuñón, C.;Filho, M. E.;Elmegreen, B. G.;Elmegreen, D. M.;Pérez-Montero, E.;Méndez-Abreu, J.
Journal: 
The Astrophysical Journal
Refereed: 
Yes
Publication type: 
Article
Volume: 
834
Pages: 
181
Abstract: 
The extremely metal-poor (XMP) galaxies analyzed in a previous paper have large star-forming regions with a metallicity lower than the rest of the galaxy. Such a chemical inhomogeneity reveals the external origin of the metal-poor gas fueling star formation, possibly indicating accretion from the cosmic web. This paper studies the kinematic properties of the ionized gas in these galaxies. Most XMPs have a rotation velocity around a few tens of km s<SUP>−1</SUP>. The star-forming regions appear to move coherently. The velocity is constant within each region, and the velocity dispersion sometimes increases within the star-forming clump toward the galaxy midpoint, suggesting inspiral motion toward the galaxy center. Other regions present a local maximum in velocity dispersion at their center, suggesting a moderate global expansion. The Hα line wings show a number of faint emission features with amplitudes around a few per cent of the main Hα component, and wavelength shifts between 100 and 400 km s<SUP>−1</SUP>. The components are often paired, so that red and blue emission features with similar amplitudes and shifts appear simultaneously. Assuming the faint emission to be produced by expanding shell-like structures, the inferred mass loading factor (mass loss rate divided by star formation rate) exceeds 10. Since the expansion velocity far exceeds the rotational and turbulent velocities, the gas may eventually escape from the galaxy disk. The observed motions involve energies consistent with the kinetic energy released by individual core-collapse supernovae. Alternative explanations for the faint emission have been considered and discarded.
Database: 
ADS
SCOPUS
URL: 
https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85010311017&doi=10.3847%2f1538-4357%2f834%2f2%2f181&partnerID=40&md5=6f67ebbed9add71c113e68749e91b5fc
ADS Bibcode: 
2017ApJ...834..181O
Keywords: 
galaxies: abundances;galaxies: dwarf;galaxies: evolution;galaxies: formation;galaxies: structure;intergalactic medium;Astrophysics - Astrophysics of Galaxies