The miniJPAS survey: A search for extreme emission-line galaxies

Publication date: 
Main author: 
Iglesias-Páramo, J.
IAA authors: 
Iglesias-Páramo, J.;Arroyo, A.;Kehrig, C.;Vílchez, J. M.;Duarte Puertas, S.;Pérez-Montero, E.;Breda, I.;Jiménez-Teja, Y.;Márquez, I.;Pović, M.;González Delgado, R.;Díaz-García, L. A.;Alvarez-Candal, A.;Benítez, N.
Iglesias-Páramo, J.;Arroyo, A.;Kehrig, C.;Vílchez, J. M.;Duarte Puertas, S.;Pérez-Montero, E.;Breda, I.;Jiménez-Teja, Y.;López Sanjuan, C.;Lumbreras-Calle, A.;Coelho, P.;Gurung-López, S.;Queiroz, C.;Márquez, I.;Pović, M.;González Delgado, R.;Chaves-Montero, J.;Sobral, D.;Hernán-Caballero, A.;Fernández-Ontiveros, J. A.;Díaz-García, L. A.;Alvarez-Candal, A.;Abramo, R.;Alcaniz, J.;Benítez, N.;Bonoli, S.;Cenarro, A. J.;Cristóbal-Hornillos, D.;Dupke, R.;Ederoclite, A.;Marín-Franch, A.;Mendes de Oliveira, C.;Moles, M.;Sodré, L.;Taylor, K.;Varela, J.;Vázquez-Ramió, H.;J-PAS Team
Astronomy and Astrophysics
Publication type: 
Context. Galaxies with extreme emission lines (EELGs) may play a key role in the evolution of the Universe, as well as in our understanding of the star formation process itself. For this reason an accurate determination of their spatial density and fundamental properties in different epochs of the Universe will constitute a unique perspective towards a comprehensive picture of the interplay between star formation and mass assembly in galaxies. In addition to this, EELGs are also interesting in order to explain the reionization of the Universe, since their interstellar medium (ISM) could be leaking ionizing photons, and thus they could be low z, analogous of extreme galaxies at high z. <BR /> Aims: This paper presents a method to obtain a census of EELGs over a large area of the sky by detecting galaxies with rest-frame equivalent widths ≥300 Å in the emission lines [O II]λλ3727,3729Å, [O III]λ5007Å, and Hα. For this, we aim to use the J-PAS survey, which will image an area of ≈8000 deg<SUP>2</SUP> with 56 narrow band filters in the optical. As a pilot study, we present a methodology designed to select EELGs on the miniJPAS images, which use the same filter dataset as J-PAS, and thus will be exportable to this larger survey. <BR /> Methods: We make use of the miniJPAS survey data, conceived as a proof of concept of J-PAS, and covering an area of ≈1 deg<SUP>2</SUP>. Objects were detected in the r<SUB>SDSS</SUB> images and selected by imposing a condition on the flux in a given narrow-band J-PAS filter with respect to the contiguous ones, which is analogous to requiring an observed equivalent width larger than 300 Å in a certain emission line within the filter bandwidth. The selected sources were then classified as galaxies or quasi-stellar objects (QSOs) after a comparison of their miniJPAS fluxes with those of a spectral database of objects known to present strong emission lines. This comparison also provided a redshift for each source, which turned out to be consistent with the spectroscopic redshifts when available (|Δz/(1 + z<SUB>spec</SUB>)| ≤ 0.01). <BR /> Results: The selected candidates were found to show a compact appearance in the optical images, some of them even being classified as point-like sources according to their stellarity index. After discarding sources classified as QSOs, a total of 17 sources turned out to exhibit EW<SUB>0</SUB> ≥ 300 Å in at least one emission line, thus constituting our final list of EELGs. Our counts are fairly consistent with those of other samples of EELGs in the literature, although there are some differences, which were expected due to biases resulting from different selection criteria.
ADS Bibcode: 
galaxies: evolution;galaxies: star formation;galaxies: starburst