Ultraviolet emission from main-sequence companions of AGB stars

DOI: 
10.1093/mnras/stw1547
Publication date: 
01/09/2016
Main author: 
Ortiz, Roberto
IAA authors: 
Ortiz, Roberto;Guerrero, Martín A.
Authors: 
Ortiz, Roberto;Guerrero, Martín A.
Journal: 
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Refereed: 
Yes
Publication type: 
Article
Volume: 
461
Pages: 
3036-3046
Abstract: 
Although the majority of known binary asymptotic giant branch (AGB) stars are symbiotic systems (i.e. with a white dwarf as a secondary star), main-sequence companions of AGB stars can be more numerous, even though they are more difficult to find because the primary high luminosity hampers the detection of the companion at visual wavelengths. However, in the ultraviolet the flux emitted by a secondary with T<SUB>eff</SUB> 〉 5500 ̃ 6000 K may prevail over that of the primary, and then it can be used to search for candidates to binary AGB stars. In this work, theoretical atmosphere models are used to calculate the UV excess in the GALEX near- and far-UV bands due to a main-sequence companion. After analysing a sample of confirmed binary AGB stars, we propose as a criterium for binarity: (1) the detection of the AGB star in the GALEX far-UV band and/or (2) a GALEX near-UV observed-to-predicted flux ratio 〉20. These criteria have been applied to a volume-limited sample of AGB stars within 500 pc of the Sun; 34 out of the sample of 58 AGB stars (̃60 per cent) fulfill them, implying to have a main-sequence companion of spectral type earlier than K0. The excess in the GALEX near- and far-UV bands cannot be attributed to a single temperature companion star, thus suggesting that the UV emission of the secondary might be absorbed by the extended atmosphere and circumstellar envelope of the primary or that UV emission is produced in accretion flows.
Database: 
ADS
SCOPUS
WOK
URL: 
https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/#abs/2016MNRAS.461.3036O/abstract
ADS Bibcode: 
2016MNRAS.461.3036O
Keywords: 
stars: AGB and post-AGB;binaries: general;circumstellar matter;ultraviolet: stars;Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics