Scientific seminars exposed by scientists and technologists of the IAA and the many centers and research institutions who visit us. They show the intense scientific exchange, they are held at 12:30 every Thursday. Seminars are broadcasted live at IAA - CSIC Seminars Live.



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Displaying 251 - 300 of 1208


04/06/2019 - 12:30
Correlations between the size and the stellar population properties of quiescent galaxies
During the last decades, many authors have put large efforts to shed light on the mechanisms responsible of the generalized growth in size of galaxies, as well as to disentangle the main “driver” of their stellar content. In our study, we aim at stating new constraints on the mechanisms that may drive the growth in size of massive galaxies through the study of the stellar population properties of quiescent galaxies within the stellar mass-...
Dr. Luis Díaz García.
24/05/2019 - 11:30
A prototype SKA Science Regional Centre at the IAA
In this seminar we will describe our involvement in the design of the SRCs, how we are preparing for hosting an SRC at the IAA - one of the strategic objectives of the IAA Severo Ochoa programme - as well as potential benefits for the IAA and collaboration opportunities, such as the one already started with the PLATO team. We will conclude by illustrating the challenges associated with following Open Science principles with an example of their...
Lourdes Verdes-Montenegro, Susana Sánchez, Michael G. Jones
17/05/2019 - 12:30
A growing number of studies report linkages between unrelated stratospheric and upper atmospheric phenomena. For example, stratospheric warmings correlate with ionospheric perturbations, and with reductions in polar mesospheric cloud occurrence. Understanding these so-called teleconnections is important for prediction of the near-space environment, and interpreting global change proxies. Tides and planetary waves are important agents for...
Dr. Ruth Lieberman
16/05/2019 - 12:30
Active Galactic Nuclei and their large-scale structure: an eROSITA mock catalogue
I will present in this talk a methodology to construct mock catalogs for X-ray selected AGN samples based on dark matter only N-body simulations. With this method, we predict observed AGN magnitudes in the UV, optical and NIR bands, by adopting a set of empirical spectral energy distributions.
Dr. Johan Comparat
09/05/2019 - 12:30
Nonlinear dynamics of space and astrophysical plasmas
Solar atmosphere and solar wind provide a unique laboratory for understanding the nonlinear dynamics of space and astrophysical plasmas. A quantitative analysis of the reconnection condition and the degree of intermittency reveals that rope–rope magnetic reconnection is the most likely site for genesis of interplanetary intermittency turbulence in this event. The dynamic pressure pulse resulting from this reconnection triggers the onset of a...
Prof. Abraham Chian
03/05/2019 - 12:30
An ionised bubble before the epoch of re-ionisation
In a search for Lyman Alpha sources around two spectroscopically confirmed star forming sources in the Subaru Deep Field, we have found some 45 low luminosity star forming galaxies. We find that these sources form a proto-cluster. Moreover, they reside in an ionised bubble of at least 12000 cMpc^3.
Dr. Jose Miguel Rodriguez Espinosa
25/04/2019 - 12:30
Cosmic Dust in Planetary Atmospheres
In this seminar I will describe the results of a large study designed to determine the input rate of cosmic dust to the terrestrial atmosphere, using a self-consistent treatment of cosmic dust from the outer solar system to the Earth’s surface.
John Plane
12/04/2019 - 12:30
Imaging a black hole with the Event Horizon Telescope
We have imaged the shadow of the central black hole in the radiogalaxy M87. This required assembling the Event Horizon Telescope, a global VLBI array observing at a wavelength of 1.3 mm capable of achieving an angular resolution of 20 microarcsecond (uas). We have resolved the central region of M87 into an asymmetric bright emission ring with a diameter of 42+-3 uas, which is circular and encompass a central depression in brightness with a flux...
Dr. Jose Luis Gómez
04/04/2019 - 12:30
Is there still hope for discovering new physics in the Euclid era?
The new generation of cosmological surveys like DESI, J-PAS and Euclid will measure the effect of dark energy on the expansion history of the universe. They will obtain optical and NIR spectra for tens of millions of galaxies and quasars, constructing a 3-D map spanning the nearby universe to 10 billion light-years, and will provide an accurate determination of the distance-redshift relation. I will review the latest distance scale measurements...
Dr. Francisco Prada
28/03/2019 - 12:30
CTA: the Cherenkov Telescope Observatory for VHE Gamma Ray astronomy
The Cherenkov Telescope Array (CTA), currently in construction, shall be the Cherenkov Telescope Observatory for VHE Gamma Ray Astronomy, and shall provide crucial data for the understanding of the extreme universe in the recently open multimessenger era. The goals and characteristics of the project will be reviewed, and the current status and plans presented. In addition, the crucial role of the Spanish community in this project will be...
Manel Martinez
21/03/2019 - 12:30
Primer Plan de igualdad del IAA
El objetivo de esta charla es presentar a todo el Instituto el I Plan de Igualdad de género. Plantearé las motivaciones y necesidades de contar con un plan de igualdad en un instituto de investigación, cuando ya el CSIC está preparando su III Plan de Igualdad. Revisaré los objetivos y marco de actuación de los planes del CSIC y mi visión de cómo el nuestro se hace para complementar algunas acciones no contempladas dentro de esa estructura...
Dra. Josefa Masegosa
13/03/2019 - 12:30
Signatures of a jet cocoon in early spectra of a supernova associated with a gamma-ray burst
Thanks to a detailed observational monitoring and an accurate spectral synthesis analysis of the early phases of SN 2017iuk, we conclude that these features originate from the mildly relativistic hot cocoon that is generated by the GRB ultra-relativistic jet, while it is expanding and decelerating into the medium surrounding the progenitor star.
Dr. Luca Izzo
07/03/2019 - 12:30
High-velocity Molecular Clouds near the Galactic Center
The central region of our Galaxy contains a huge amount of molecular gas. This region is often referred to as the "central molecular zone (CMZ)". The recent ALMA observations toward this HVCC revealed orbital motions around an invisible massive object, which is probably an intermediate-mass black hole.
Yuhei Iwata
21/02/2019 - 12:30
Planck Cosmological Legacy: the next CMB polarization experiments
The results and products derived from the third and final release of data from the Planck mission will be reviewed with emphasis on the implications for cosmology.
Prof. Enrique Martinez
19/02/2019 - 12:00
Instrument development at the AAO
The AAO is a consortium of three Australian instrumentation groups, based at Macquarie University, University of Sydney, and the Australian National University. Collectively, the consortium has delivered hundreds of instrument projects for astronomy, for our own telescopes and internationally. We have particular expertise in fibre positioners and fibre systems, spectrographs, astro-photonics, and adaptive optics. I will give an...
Jon Lawrence
13/02/2019 - 12:30
THOT: Dating stars
Life, planets, exoplanetary systems, stars, and our galaxy evolve with time, and the best and sometimes only way for understanding this evolution is dating stars. THOT is a Marie Curie Project devoted to gathering and updating all the stellar dating techniques into a single computational tool. In this presentation, I will present some of the most promising techniques for stellar dating, and show the current main contributions of this project (...
Dr. Andres Moya
07/02/2019 - 12:30
Mars UV atmospheric emissions
In this talk we will summarize our recent analysis of observations performed by the instrument SPICAM on the Mars Express mission on the dayside of the planet, and by the instrument IUVS on board MAVEN on the nightside of the planet.
Dr. Francisco González Galindo
24/01/2019 - 12:30
Observing Planet Formation with the VLA in the era of ALMA
In only four years, ALMA has radically changed the field of planet formation. We are currently obtaining very detailed images of the dust emission in protoplanetary disks with an unprecedent sensitivity and high angular resolution.
Dr. Carlos Carrasco
17/01/2019 - 12:30
In this talk I will show you a study on the detectability of the emission associated with the AGN dusty structure at sub-mm wavelengths using ALMA, in a theoretical and observational way.
Dr. Alice Pasetto
10/01/2019 - 12:30
The road to the Square Kilometre Array
New and existing facilities operating at submm-to-m wavelengths are shedding new light on the formation of planets, black holes, and even the first galaxies. These telescopes provide the test bed for the technological advancements required to build the next generation of large radio telescopes, like the Square Kilometre Array (SKA).
Dr. Jeff Wagg
13/12/2018 - 12:30
The RadioAstron active galactic nuclei (AGN) polarization Key Science Project (KSP) aims at exploiting the unprecedented angular resolution provided by RadioAstron to study jet launching/collimation and magnetic-field configuration in AGN jets. The targets of our KSP are some of the most powerful blazars in the sky. I will present observations at 1.4 GHz and 22 GHz of 3C273, performed in 2014, designed to reach a maximum baseline of...
Gabriele Bruni
29/11/2018 - 12:30
Spirals, rings and arcs around evolved stars
We searched the complete archive of the HST and Spitzer to characterise rings and arcs around evolved low-mass stars (AGB stars, proto-PNe and PNe), study their physical properties and address their formation mechanisms. In this talk, we present the observational results of our survey, the predictions of simple radiation-hydrodynamic simulations as well as the future of the project.
Dr. Jesús Toala
22/11/2018 - 12:30
Time variable processes of Sagittarius A*, the massive black hole at the centre of the Milky Way
Date: 22/11/2018 . 12:30 hrs Speaker: Dr. Gunther Witzel Affiliation: Max-Planck-Institute for Radioastronomy, Bonn, Germany.
Dr. Gunther Witzel
15/11/2018 - 12:30
The habitability of stagnant-lid Earths around dwarf stars
We show that Earth-like stagnant-lid planets allow for habitable surface conditions within a continuous habitable zone that is dependent on interior composition.
Dra. Mareike Godolt
08/11/2018 - 12:30
What we (don't) know about the trans-Neptunian objects
The first trans-Neptunian object was discovered in 1930 and we waited over 60 years to discover the second one. The discovery of Albion (a.k.a. 1992QB1) enticed the minor bodies community to characterize the new population, called collectively as trans-Neptunian objects (TNOs). Today we know the existence of over 2,000 objects and counting. Nevertheless, it seems that we have reached our technological limitation in terms of observational studies...
Dr. Alvaro Alvarez-Candal
25/10/2018 - 12:30
The Arp299B-AT1 puzzle: First resolved imaging of a tidal disruption event
Date: 25/10/2018 . 12:30 hrs Speaker: Dr. Miguel Angel Pérez-Torres Affiliation: IAA-CSIC, Spain
Dr. Miguel Angel Pérez-Torres
18/10/2018 - 12:30
An unusual autumn Elevated Stratopause Event (ESE)
IAA Seminar Date: 18/10/2018 . 12:30 hrs Speaker: Dr. Maya Garcia Comas
Dr. Maya García Comás
11/10/2018 - 12:30
The planetary nebula HuBi 1, a rebel with a cause
Planetary nebulae, the descendants of low- and intermediate-mass stars, have characteristic onion-like ionization structure, with the highest ionization species closer to the central star. This is true for all planetary nebulae, but HuBi 1, which shows an inverted ionization inner shell. There is a reason for this oddity, a peculiar stellar evolution of its central star, which makes HuBi 1 the missing link of the population of cool C-rich...
Dr. Martin Guerrero
04/10/2018 - 12:30
The European VLBI Network (EVN) and user cases to improve your science
The European VLBI Network (EVN) is a network of radio telescopes located primarily in Europe and Asia, with additional antennas in South Africa and Puerto Rico. The combination of such extended network of telescopes provides an extremely high angular resolution (down to milliarcsecond scales). In addition to that, and given its unparalleled sensitivity on this type of observations, the EVN becomes a genuine instrument to observe an enormous...
Dr. Benito Marcote
27/09/2018 - 12:30
ASKAP and HI in Galaxies
I will divide my talk into three parts, starting with an overview of CSIRO’s Australia Telescope National Facility (ATNF), especially our telescopes (ASKAP...
Baerbel Koribalski
20/09/2018 - 12:30
Slender CaiiH fibrils observed by SUNRISE II
The special observing conditions of the SUNRISE observatory allow obtaining observations in the UV with unprecedented temporal stability and spatial resolution. On its second scientific flight, the Sunrise Filter Imager (SUFI) was used to record a time series of narrow-band intensity images in the CaiiH line for approximately one hour at a cadence of 7 seconds. This unique dataset enabled us to characterize the morphological properties of 598...
Dr. Ricardo Gafeira
13/09/2018 - 12:30
The peculiar case of the active galactic nuclei in PBC J2333.9-2343
Under unification schemes, active galactic nuclei (AGN) can be explained by orientation effects. However, some sources show properties at different frequencies that led to incongruent classifications and cannot be explained by such unification scheme. This is the case of PBC J2333.9-2343; its optical spectrum is of a type 2 AGN but its X-ray spectrum does not show signs of absorption, and in the radio it has many features typical of a blazar but...
Dr. Lorena Hernández-García
06/09/2018 - 12:30
Optical spectroscopy of local type-1 AGN LINERs
The Balmer emission originated in the broad line region (BLR) of active galactic nuclei (AGNs) could be either weak and difficult to detect, or even absent, for low luminosity AGNs, as low ionization nuclear emission-line regions (LINERs). This makes LINERs challenging to fit in the AGN unification scheme. Moreover, a long debate can be found in the literature proposing different ionization sources at the origin of optical emission lines and no...
Dr. Sara Cazzoli
28/06/2018 - 12:30
Extreme quasars at high redshift
The study of the AGN accreting close to the Eddington limit (L/LEdd~1) has taken an important role, due to their potential use as standard candles for cosmological applications. With the purpose to understand the physics of extreme quasar, we perform a spectroscopic analysis of a sample of highly accreting quasars at high redshift (z~2–3). Our sample were observed with the OSIRIS spectrograph on the GTC 10.4 m telescope located at the...
Dr. Maryloli Martinez Aldama
22/06/2018 - 12:30
What do environments can tell us about supernovae?
The advent of Integral Field Spectroscopy (IFS) applied to supernova (SN) environmental studies have shown the potential of this technique to directly characterize the galactic environmental parameters at SN locations, compare them to those at different locations of the galaxy, and put constraints on progenitor stars for different SN types. Here, I will summarize past works and present on­going efforts, including the PISCO compilation and the...
Dr. Luis Galbany
21/06/2018 - 12:30
Blazar Science with POLAMI: Polarimetric Monitoring of AGN at Millimeter Wavelengths
A pioneering long term program at the IRAM 30m Telescope dubbed POLAMI (Polarimetric Monitoring of AGN with Millimetre Wavelengths) observes the 4 Stokes parameters of the continuum emission at 3.5 and 1.3 mm, with a time sampling of ~2 weeks for the ~40 brighter sources in the northern sky. The XPOL polarimeter, connected to different heterodyne receiver sets, has been used since the beginning of our observations. In this talk I will introduce...
Dr. Iván Agudo
18/06/2018 - 12:30
Large-IFS for CAHA & LUCA: Local Universe from Calar Alto
LoI for new instruments for 3.5m Telescope
F. Prada, E. Perez-Jimenez, R. Gonzalez Delgado, R. Garcia Benito
14/06/2018 - 12:30
PLATO: de cazar a domesticar sistemas planetarios
Today, stellar and planetary physics enjoy an unprecedented boost thanks to space technology. From the first missions such as MOST and CoRoT, to Kepler / K2 and the recently launched TESS, hundreds of new exoplanets have been detected by photometric transits, and thousands more are to be confirmed. The main objective of these missions are to find new planetary systems, around other stars similar to our Sun. Logical detection bias due to...
Dr. Juan Carlos Suárez
07/06/2018 - 12:30
Physical and statistical properties of High Frequency Peaked blazars
In the class of active galactic nuclei (AGNs), blazars are the most extreme objects, with their relativistic jets closely aligned to our line-of-sight. The emission of blazars is mostly non-thermal, spanning the entire electromagnetic spectrum, and is often linearly polarized providing us with important insights on the magnetic field structure. An emerging radio-loud AGN population is represented by high synchrotron peaked (HSP) blazars,...
Dr. Lico
24/05/2018 - 12:30
On the ultra-compact dwarf galaxy-nuclear star cluster connection
Ultra-compact dwarf galaxies (UCDs) are predominatly found in the cores of nearby galaxy clusters, regions that are dominated by early-type galaxies, among them nucleated dwarf ellipticals. One of the favourite scenarios for the origin of UCDs is that they are isolated nuclei from threshed dwarf galaxies or maybe also from disrupted late-type spiral galaxies that fell into the clusters. In this scenario one would expect to find super...
Dr. Michael Hilker
17/05/2018 - 12:30
The Empirical Grounds of Supernova-Gamma-ray Burst connection
I will review the status of the SN-GRB connection. Present data suggest that SNe associated with GRBs form a heterogeneous class of objects including both bright and faint Hypernovae. Some of the special conditions requested by a massive star to become a GRB are discussed.
Prof. Massimo Della Valle
10/05/2018 - 12:30
Stellar activity blurring our insight into the properties of exoplanets
Stellar activity can provide important information regarding the structure, evolution, and the atmosphere of the stars, as well as their magnetic filed and mechanisms that generate them. On the other hand stellar activity introduces severe astrophysical noise in the collected data in the quest for what might be called Earth 2.0. In this talk, I will present main obstacles and difficulties which stellar activity poses on the detection and...
Dr. Mahmoudreza Oshagh
26/04/2018 - 12:30
Lightning – from Its Base to Space
Lightning has been studied for centuries with surprisingly meager progress since the early breakthroughs of Franklin. There are numerous reasons for this lack of progress: lightning is complex, it is very energetic with large peak power - hard for in-situ probes to survive, it is spatially and temporally sparse – hard to place a sensor in an optimal location. However, modern technological advances and innovations have led to new remote...
Prof. Hugh Christian
18/04/2018 - 12:30
Recreating the Early Mass-Loss Histories of pre Planetary Nebulae
Hubble images of the amazing symmetries of young planetary nebulae have captured the imagination of the public. Scientifically, unravelling the physics of their ejection histories is the ultimate goal. I will present detailed surprisingly simple hydro outflow models that capture both the present shapes and the flow kinematics of several and very disparate nebulae.
Prof. Bruce Balick
13/04/2018 - 12:30
Observatorio Astrofísico de Javalambre: a dedicated facility for large sky surveys
The Observatorio Astrofísico de Javalambre (OAJ) is an astronomical infrastructure conceived to carry out large sky, multi-filter astronomical surveys from the Northern hemisphere. It is fundamentally structured around two large field-of-view (FoV) telescopes and their corresponding panoramic instrumentation for direct imaging. OAJ main telescopes are the Javalambre Survey Telescope (JST/T250), a 2.55m telescope with a FoV of 3 deg diameter, and...
Dr. Antonio Marín-Franch
12/04/2018 - 12:30
The J-PAS and J-PLUS large sky surveys: an unprecedented view of the Universe in multi-colors
The Observatorio Astrofísico de Javalambre (OAJ), managed and operated by the Centro de Estudios de Física del Cosmos de Aragón (CEFCA), is mostly devoted to conduct large sky multi-filter surveys with two large field of view telescopes of 2.5m and 80cm and their respective panoramic instrumentation. The main survey to be carried out in the next years is J-PAS (Javalambre Physics of the Accelerating Universe Astrophysical Survey). Conceived as a...
Dr. Javier Cenarro
05/04/2018 - 12:30
ESERO Spain, del espacio al aula
Un proyecto de la ESA acogido en el Parque de las Ciencias para fomentar las vocaciones científico-tecnológicas en las primeras etapas educativas, haciendo uso del contexto del espacio.
Manuel Roca & Domingo Escutia
22/03/2018 - 12:30
Carbon Chemistry in Carbon-rich AGB stars
The chemistry of carbon in evolved stars will be discussed from the observational and chemical modelling point of view. From the photosphere of the central star to the external layers of the circumstellar envelope different chemical processes allow the formation of different carbon molecules, among them carbon clusters and carbon chain radicals. The chemistry if not completely understood as many reactions are involved in the formation of...
Prof. José Cernicharo
21/03/2018 - 10:00
MEGARA @ GTC: performance review and commissioning results
MEGARA, the optical multi-object spectrograph (MOS) for the GTC 10m telescope, has been developed by a Consortium whose partners are UCM, INAOE, IAA-CSIC and UPM. MEGARA has 2 observing modes on sky: (a) a central IFU 12.5” x 11.3” of 567 fibers, complemented with 8 x 7-fiber bundles for sky subtraction, and (b) a MOS mode with 92 robotic positioners, covering a total FoV of 3.5' x 3.5'. MEGARA provides intermediate-to-high spectral resolution (...
Dr. Jorge Iglesia
15/03/2018 - 12:30
Navigating the Universe : « Cosmic Flows » program
I will present the evolution of the “Cosmic Flows” program spanning ten years of research since its inception in 2006. From CF1 to the latest CF3 data-set, an order of magnitude in the number of observational galaxy distances is gained, meanwhile the cosmographied volume is multiplied by 150. A theoretical framework has been developed so as to accommodate and analyze the data. This includes the Bayesian reconstruction tools of the Wiener filter...
Professor Hélène Courtois