Scientific seminars exposed by scientists and technologists of the IAA and the many centers and research institutions who visit us. They show the intense scientific exchange, they are held at 12:30 every Thursday. Seminars are broadcasted live at IAA - CSIC Seminars Live.



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Displaying 101 - 150 of 1210


07/07/2022 - 12:30
SO Webloquio: Optical interferometric studies of star and planet formation
A first step towards understanding planetary formation is the characterisation of the structure and evolution of protoplanetary discs. Although the large scale disc is understood in some detail, very little is known about the inner few au. In this region, dust grains sublimate, and accretion and ejection take place, affecting the entire disk structure and evolution. In this talk, I will review how optical interferometric observations can...
Dr. Rebeca García López
23/06/2022 - 12:30
Disks around evolved binaries: do they form second-generation planets?
Most of the planets are formed around young stars. But can they also form around dying stars? The origin of the diversity and complexity of the detected exoplanetary systems stems from how they form in protoplanetary disks. These disks are intensively studied around young stars thanks to the high-angular resolution provided by recent instruments (VLT, ALMA). However, similar disks are also found around evolved stars, namely post-AGB binaries,...
Dr. Jacques Kluska
21/06/2022 - 12:30
SO webloquio: Star-planet plasma interactions and radio emissions
Exoplanets are expected to sustain various plasma interactions with their parent star, depending on the stellar and planetary magnetic field strengths and on the sub- or super-Alfvénic wind speed at the planet’s orbit. Three such interactions lead to electron acceleration and subsequent radio emissions in our solar system: magnetized planets hit by the super-Alfvénic solar wind, and the sub-Alfvénic interactions of the unmagnetized moon Io and...
Dr. Philippe Zarka
14/06/2022 - 12:30
Detailed equilibrium and dynamical tides: impact on circularization and synchronization in open clusters
Binary stars evolve into chemically-peculiar objects and are a major driver of the Galactic enrichment of heavy elements. During their evolution they undergo interactions, including tides, that circularize their orbits and synchronize stellar spins, impacting both individual systems and stellar populations. My recent work introduces an accurate implementation of equilibrium and dynamical tides in the stellar population code binary_c, relying...
Dr. Giovanni Mirouh
09/06/2022 - 16:30
SO Webloquio: Space Weather in an Era of Innovative Science
The newest generation of solar observational data is allowing a pivot toward making connections in the various solar physics domains and facilitating advanced modeling for space weather conditions and impacts. We study important physical couplings in the solar atmospheric layers, as well as connections from the solar corona through the heliosphere. To advance our understanding of how solar activity and variability impact space weather conditions...
Dr. Holly Gilbert
07/06/2022 - 12:30
Revisiting the intermediate- to high-mass star formation
Intermediate and high-mass forming stars have a large impact on the interstellar medium and nearby star forming regions. Historically, the study of the general properties of intermediate- to high-mass pre-main sequence stars has been hampered by the lack of a well-defined, homogeneous sample, and because few and mostly serendipitously discovered sources were known. As a consequence, many open problems involving high-mass star formation suffer...
Dr. Miguel Vioque
02/06/2022 - 12:30
SO Coloquio: The Antikythera Mechanism and the Mechanical Universe
The Antikythera Mechanism. An astronomical calculator and display device found in a first century BCE shipwreck, it is mechanically more sophisticated than anything known from the subsequent millennium. I want to argue that we should be showing admiration rather than amazement, and that the Mechanism fits rather well into its historic context. But this fit has major implications for the development of humanity’s view of the Universe.
Prof. Michael G. Edmunds
31/05/2022 - 12:30
SO Webloquio: Empirical and physical properties of Lyman continuum emitters
Lyman continuum emitters are galaxies showing escaping ionizing radiation, which thus contributes to ionizing the intergalactic medium. They may be the dominant source of cosmic reionization. I will present an overview of the observations and modeling of low-z analogs of the sources of cosmic reionisation recently discovered. HST observations, including UV spectroscopy with COS and rest-UV imaging with the WFC3, combined with ground-based...
Dr. Daniel Schaerer
24/05/2022 - 12:30
Time domain astronomy with future X-ray satellites
Accreting black holes emit in X-rays at the wave-band in which THESEUS will be observing (0.3 keV-20 MeV) due to their extreme physical conditions. The softer energy range is devoted to thermal emission from the accretion disc and the harder is due to the existence of a hard X-ray emitting corona (with undefined geometry so far). The importance of one component versus the other gives rise to the diverse state classification of accreting black...
Dr. Maria D. Caballero-Garcia
23/05/2022 - 12:30
New insight into the magnetism of isolated white dwarfs
Many stars evolve into magnetic white dwarfs, but we do not know when the magnetic field appears at their surface, if and how it evolves during the cooling phase, and, above all, what are the mechanisms that generate the field, and why they act on some but not all degenerate stars. Observations may help to find an answer to these questions, but their interpretation is dramatically affected by biases due to target selection and a non-homogeneous...
Dr. Stefano Bagnulo
20/05/2022 - 11:30
Imaging the supermassive black hole at the galactic center with the EHT
We present the first Event Horizon Telescope (EHT) observations of Sagittarius A* (Sgr A*), the Galactic center source associated with a supermassive black hole. These observations were conducted in 2017 using a global interferometric array of eight telescopes operating at a wavelength of λ = 1.3 mm. The EHT data resolve a compact emission region with intrahour variability. A variety of imaging and modeling analyses all support an image that...
José Luis Gómez, Rocco Lico, Guang-Yao Zhao, Ilje Cho, Antonio Fuentes, y Thalia Traianou
19/05/2022 - 12:30
SO Webloquio: Charting the first billion years of our Universe with the Square Kilometre Array
The first billion years witnessed the dawn of the first galaxies, eventually culminating in the final phase change of our Universe: the Epoch of Reionization (EoR). Recent observations allowed us limited glimpses into these epochs, improving our understanding of the timing of the EoR. However, we still do not understand the first galaxies and black holes, the vast majority of which are too faint to be seen directly in the foreseeable future....
Dr. Andrei Mesinger
12/05/2022 - 12:30
SO Coloquio: The cloud-scale baryon cycle across the nearby galaxy population
The cycling of matter in galaxies between molecular clouds, stars and feedback is a major driver of galaxy evolution. However, it remains a major challenge to derive a theory of how galaxies turn their gas into stars and how stellar feedback affects the subsequent star formation on the cloud scale, as a function of the galactic environment. Star formation in galaxies is expected to be highly dependent on the galactic structure and dynamics,...
Dr. Mélanie Chevance
11/05/2022 - 12:30
SO Coloquio: Stellar clustering connecting the formation and evolution of galaxies to the formation and evolution of us
The clustered nature of star formation leaves a long-term imprint on galaxies, stars, and planets. At young ages, stellar clustering subdivides galaxies into individual building blocks undergoing vigorous, feedback-driven life cycles that vary with the galactic environment. These units structure the interstellar medium spatially, dynamically and chemically, and collectively define how galaxies form stars. At old ages, the relics of clustered...
Dr. Diederik Kruijssen
05/05/2022 - 12:30
Unexplored outflows in nearby low luminosity AGNs: the case of NGC 1052
NGC1052 is considered the prototype of AGN-LINERs, an AGN family at low-luminosity for which, so far, the role of outflows in their evolution has been studied the less. Thanks to MUSE and MEGARA IFS-cubes we found that the stars are distributed in a dynamically hot disc whereas the ionised gas is detected mostly in the polar direction up to 3.3 kpc. We found evidences evidence of an ionised gas outflow (jet-powered) propagating in a cocoon of...
Dra. Sara Cazzoli
03/05/2022 - 12:30
Radio astronomy in the pre-SKA era: What can Apertif do for you?
With the Square Kilometre Array still several years away, SKA pathfinder telescopes are already enabling transformational science in radio astronomy with their astounding improvements in field-of-view, sensitivity, spatial resolution, and spectral bandwidth coverage. The APERture Tile In Focus (Apertif) is one such SKA pathfinder: a phased array feed instrument upgrade to the Westerbork Synthesis Radio Telescope that increases the field-of-view...
Dr Kelley Hess
28/04/2022 - 12:30
SO Webloquio: When artificial intelligence meets astronomy: celestial object census
Over the centuries, astronomers have continued to improve the performance of telescopes and the techniques for observing and analysing data. Nowadays, humans are building more and more advanced telescopes with larger and deeper observations, reaching terabytes and even petabytes of data. The Square Kilometre Array (SKA) radio telescope, the most ambitious project in astronomy under construction, is expected to produce more than 700 petabytes of...
Dr. An Tao
26/04/2022 - 12:30
Destroying Planetary Systems
Modern astronomy invests a large amount of effort to search and characterise planetary systems around solar-like stars. In particular, at early stages of their formations in proto-planetary disks. However, we barely know much about the capacities of the planets to survive the harsh environments produced by their host stars during their evolution. In this talk, I will describe the effects a planet can produce by helping shape the mass loss of...
Dr. Jesús Toala
21/04/2022 - 12:30
SO Coloquio: Constraints on the origin of free-floating planets from the mass function
The stellar mass function is a fundamental parameter to constrain star formation models. Although the stellar content has been extensively studied since Salpeter's first work in 1955, the study of the planetary mass regime is only now becoming feasible. I will present a recent census of the Upper Scorpius and Ophiuchus star- forming region, where we identified between 70 and 170 free- floating planets. This is by far the largest sample of...
Dra. Núria Miret Roig
20/04/2022 - 12:30
Turning Trash into Treasure: How OH megamasers are contaminating next-generation HI surveys and what they can tell us about galaxy evolution
OH megamasers (OHMs) are rare, luminous masers found in (ultra-)luminous infrared galaxies ([U]LIRGs). The dominant OH masing line at 1667 MHz can spoof the 1420 MHz neutral hydrogen (HI) line in untargeted HI emission line surveys. This ambiguity creates a potential source of “contamination” in HI surveys, particularly for next-generation surveys that will reach groundbreaking sensitivities and redshifts. In this talk, I will present...
Dr. Hayley Roberts
07/04/2022 - 13:00
SO Webloquio: Measuring the Magnetic Fields of Exoplanets with Star-Planet Interactions
Planets interact with their host stars through gravity, radiation and magnetic fields. For giant planets orbiting stars within ~20 stellar radii (=0.1 AU for a Sun-like star), magnetic star-planet interactions (SPI) are observable at a range of wavelengths with a variety of photometric, spectroscopic and spectropolarimetric techniques. At such close distances, planets orbit within the sub-alfvénic radius of the star, where magnetic interactions...
Dr. Evgenya Shkolnik
31/03/2022 - 12:30
How the intracluster light is going to change your life!
There are a huge number of astrophysical phenomena that remain barely studied due to the lack of large, multiwavelength and deep optical surveys. This is the Universe with the lowest density of stars, largely unseen by past large field surveys like the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS). For instance, only a handful of galaxy clusters have been observed with enough depth to witness the intracluster light (ICL), made up of stars that drift freely...
Dr. Mireia Montes
24/03/2022 - 12:30
Is it possible to simulate time machines in a laboratory?
General Relativity is the most succesful theory we have for describing gravitational phenomena. Its range of applicability is vast: from solar system scales to cosmological scales. It is well-known that GR allows the existence of time machines: devices that are able to generate Closed-Timelike-Curves (CTCs). Although these kind of objects are allowed in GR, most researchers believe that they cannot occur on macroscopic scales. However, it is...
Gerardo Garcia
17/03/2022 - 12:30
Surprises from MAVEN at Mars: Aurora, meteor showers, and a new water loss paradigm
The Mars Atmosphere and Volatile EvolutioN (MAVEN) spacecraft carries the Imaging Ultraviolet Spectrograph (IUVS) to study the Mars atmosphere and atmospheric escape. After more than two Mars years in orbit, IUVS has gained new insights on key phenomena at Mars including dayglow, nightglow, aurora, meteor showers, clouds, solar-planetary interactions and atmospheric evolution. In this presentation, I will highlight three key results...
Dr. Nick Schneider
10/03/2022 - 12:30
The RoboPol Program: Optical Polarimetric Monitoring of Blazars
Blazars are a subclass of Active Galactic Nuclei with relativistic jets pointing at us. For this reason the highly amplified polarized synchrotron emission from their jets dominates in the optical band. Typically, the electric vector position angle (EVPA) of the optical polarized emission in blazars varies in an erratic way. However, in rare cases the EVPA displays long, smooth and monotonic rotations. Being puzzled by this phenomenon missing a...
Dr. Dimitriy Blinov
03/03/2022 - 12:30
The continuous rise of bulges out of galactic disks
A tantalizing enigma in extragalactic astronomy concerns the chronology and driving mechanisms of the buildup of the central luminosity excess (bulge) in spiral galaxies like our Milky Way, i.e. in systems referred to as late-type galaxies (LTGs) in the Hubble classification scheme. The standard scenario envisages a two-phase galaxy formation process, with the bulge assembling first in a quick and violent quasi-monolithic episode, with the disk...
Dr. Iris Breda
24/02/2022 - 12:30
SO Webloquio: Exploring the transient radio sky with the SKA and its precursors
Radio astronomical observations probe particle acceleration in some of the most extreme environments in the Universe. For example, we can trace the relativistic jets produced by accreting black holes; observe flashes from hyper-magnetised neutron stars; and study the aftermath of stars that are ripped to shreds as they pass close to super-massive black holes. These events provide critical information about the extremes of the Universe, but they...
Dr Jason Hessels
17/02/2022 - 12:30
The Africa Millimetre Telescope project - extending the EHT
The Africa Millimetre Telescope (AMT) project led by the Radboud University and the University of Namibia aims to realise a new telescope on the Gamsberg mountain in Namibia to extend the existing network of telescopes that together form the EventHorizonTelescope (EHT). For the future of the EHT more independent nodes in the network are needed to increase the overal redundancy of the network and to improve the image quality and allow for time-...
Dr. Marc Klein Wolt
10/02/2022 - 12:30
A high-fidelity sky mock of DESI galaxies in the LCDM cosmology
By using N-body simulations in which different cosmologies have been assumed and by comparing them with large-scale galaxy surveys, we can constrain cosmological parameters, even ruling out some cosmological models. In this talk I will describe how we use the Uchuu simulation for this purpose. Uchuu is an N-body dark matter simulation that has been created by an international team of researchers from Japan, Spain, USA, Argentina, Australia,...
Julia Ereza
03/02/2022 - 12:30
SO Webloquio: The Milky Way's young substellar population
Young clusters and star forming regions are home to a large number of substellar objects with masses below the hydrogen-burning limit at 0.075 MSun. Most of our knowledge about their populations comes from nearby regions (d lower 400 pc), where we find consistent formation rates of 2-5 young brown dwarfs per 10 newborn stars. Brown dwarf theories, on the other hand, predict that high gas or stellar densities, as well as the presence of massive...
Dra Koraljka Muzic
27/01/2022 - 12:30
La IAU más cerca que nunca
The International Astronomical Union (IAU) has more that 13000 members. Each country pays according to a table that has to do with the number of people belongin to the IAU. But the IAU is not only a club of members but has a number of activities that are open to every member. In particular the IAU run 9 Symposia per year with topics relevant to current astrophysics. On years where there are a General Assembly on top of the 9 Symposia the IAU...
Dr. José Miguel Rodriguez Espinoza
25/01/2022 - 12:30
Cosmological QUOKKAS: Proof of concept and early results on the Hubble Constant tension
Distances are one of the most important yet difficult to get quantities in astronomy. Normally, astronomers use redshifts (which are relatively easy to measure) as distance measure, but this only works if one assumes that there is a relationship between redshift and distance. The relationship between redshift and distance was first observationally verified in the 1920s by Edwin Hubble. He found that the further away a galaxy was, the galaxy...
Dr. Jeff Hodgson
20/01/2022 - 12:30
Astronomy for attaining sustainable development goals in Africa
Education and its contribution to science, technology, and innovation are the key points for combating poverty in the long term. Education is also a key point for empowering girls and women, which is fundamental for achieving the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Astronomy is a powerful tool to promote education and science but, in addition to that, it is also one of the leading sciences for bringing strong technological...
Dra. Mirjana Povic
13/01/2022 - 12:30
Galaxy morphologies in multi-wavelength surveys
In this talk I will present novel results obtained by using a combination of broad and narrow band optical photometry, from the J-PAS and S-PLUS surveys, in the determination and study galaxy of galaxies’ morphologies. In particular we used Morfometrika and GALFITM to recover non-parametric and parametric values to characterize galaxies’ shapes, as well as a deep learning method for the S-PLUS survey to classify galaxies into early and late type...
Dra. Arianna Cortesi
11/01/2022 - 12:30
SO Webloquio: Active Galactic Nuclei as seen from the 7 X-ray eyes of eROSITA
Active Galactic Nuclei (AGN) are not longer considered part of a small and exotic source population but are now widely accepted to play a significant role in the evolution of galaxies through cosmic time. However, even 20 years after the realization of the close link between the galaxies and the active SMBH that they host, the various mechanisms and the interconnection are not fully clear. Two complementary approaches are followed to deepen our...
Dra. Mara Salvato
16/12/2021 - 12:30
Lighthouse Piercing Through the Storm Clouds in Massive Star Formation
Massive stars play crucial roles in determining the physical and chemical evolution of galaxies. They shape their environment from early in their protostellar phase when they blast the surrounding with powerful jets, up until their violent deaths in the form of supernova. However, they form deeply embedded in their parental clouds, making it challenging to directly observe these stars and immediate environments. Notwithstanding, their massive...
Dr Ruben Fedriani
09/12/2021 - 12:30
SO Webloquio: Unveiling the unseen magnetized universe with MeerKAT
Galaxy clusters are known to harbour magnetic fields, the nature of which remains unresolved. Intra-cluster magnetic fields can be observed at the density contact discontinuity formed by cool and dense plasma running into hot ambient plasma, and the discontinuity exists near the second brightest galaxy, MRC0600-399, in the merging galaxy cluster Abell 3376 (redshift 0.0461). Elongated X-ray emission in the east–west direction shows a comet-like...
Dr. James Chibueze
02/12/2021 - 12:30
The PUMA project. Mergers and feedback in local ULIRGs resolved by ALMA and MUSE+AO
Galaxy mergers and interactions have a key role in the evolution of galaxies, specially at high-z when they were more common than today. Mergers trigger starbursts and AGN activity, which are both regulated by negative feedback processes, as well as can turn spiral galaxies into massive quiescent objects. The local counterparts of these major interactions and mergers are local ULIRGs (L(IR)/Lsun > 1e12) which, thanks to their proximity, allow...
Dr. Miguel Pereira Santaella
25/11/2021 - 12:30
SO. Webloquia: AYA: projects and human resources in grants managed by the Spanish State Research Agency
This presentation will review data and results of the national calls for projects and human resources managed by the AYA team in the AEI: research projects (PGC and Challenges), acquisition of scientific-technical equipment, proof of concept projects and strategic projects; and human resources, predoctoral hiring FPI, Juan de la Cierva training, Juan de la Cierva incorporation, Ramón y Cajal and R+D+I technical staff.
Dra. Inmaculada Dominguez
23/11/2021 - 12:30
Search for MIlli-LEnses (SMILE) to discriminate between dark matter models
Projects aimed at characterising dark matter properties make use of very different approaches. One such approach is to look for strong gravitational lens systems. Gravitational lensed images with angular separation on milliarcsecond scales probe gravitational lens systems where the lens is a compact object with mass in the range 10^6-10^9 solar masses, i.e a supermassive compact object (SMCO). This mass range is particularly critical for the...
Dra. Carolina Casadio
18/11/2021 - 12:30
SO Webloquio: MOSAIC: the multi-object spectrograph for ELT
MOSAIC will be the Multi-Object spectrograph for the ELT telescope. First light for this instrument is foreseen for 2031. MOSAIC is driven by scientific cases that include the study of the first galaxies in the Universe, the evolution of the large scale structure, resolved stellar populations beyond the Local Group, and the formation of exo-planets in different environments, among others. The instrumental concept includes visible spectrographs (...
Dr Lidia Tasca
11/11/2021 - 12:30
SO Webloquio: Stellar winds and their effects on exoplanets
As the wind outflows from a star, it permeates the interplanetary medium, interacting with any planet it encounters. In this talk I will review some recent works on winds of low-mass stars and discuss the impact stellar winds can have on surrounding exoplanets. Compared to the physical interactions known to take place between the solar wind and the solar system planets, the interaction between stellar winds and exoplanets can be significantly...
Dra Aline Vidotto
04/11/2021 - 12:30
Identification and characterisation of emission line galaxies with J-PAS
The Javalambre-Physics of the Accelerating Universe Astrophysical Survey (J-PAS) is expected to map thousands of square degrees of the northern sky with 56 narrow band filters (spectral resolution of R around 60) in the upcoming years. This resolution allows to study emission line galaxies (ELG) with equivalent widths of a few armstrongs. Meanwhile the Pathfinder J-PAS camera observed 1 deg^2 with the same photometric system than J-PAS, named...
Gines Martinez Solaeche
28/10/2021 - 12:30
Seen the Unseen in Planetary Nebulae with High-dispersion Integral Field Spectroscopic Observations
Planetary nebulae (PNe), the short-lived progeny of low- and intermediate-mass stars, may embed structures with varying kinematical, physical and chemical properties that disclose the rich variety of processes occurring during their formation. These structures hide in direct images, projected against the bright nebular emission, but the advent of high-dispersion integral field spectroscopic (HD IFS) observations provide the means to...
Dr. Martín Guerrero
21/10/2021 - 12:30
Unveiling the dynamical stage of galaxy clusters through the intracluster light
The intracluster light (ICL) is the most unexplored component of galaxy clusters. It is defined as a low surface brightness, extended emission composed by stars that are bound by the potential of the cluster but do not belong to any galaxy in particular. Simulations predict that minor and major mergers can mainly drive the formation of ICL, specially for z
Dra. Yolanda Jimenez-Teja
14/10/2021 - 12:30
The miniJPAS survey: the galaxy populations in the miniJPAS cluster mJPC2470-1771
Galaxy clusters are one of the largest structures in the Universe. Due to the interaction among the galaxy members, they are a great laboratory to study the role of the environment in galaxy evolution. J-PAS survey will soon start to scan thousands of square degrees in the sky, and with its large great field of view (4.2 square degrees) and filter system (56 narrowband filters and 4 broadband filters in the optical spectral range) will provide...
Julio Rodriguez Martin
07/10/2021 - 12:30
X-ray binary accretion states in AGN? Sensing the accretion disc of supermassive black holes with mid-IR nebular lines
Accretion states, which are universally observed in stellar-mass black holes in X-ray binaries, are also anticipated in active galactic nuclei (AGN). This is the case at low luminosities, when the jet-corona coupling dominates the energy output in both populations. Previous attempts to extend this framework to a wider AGN population have been extremely challenging due to heavy hydrogen absorption of the accretion disc continuum and starlight...
Dr Juan Antonio Fernández Ontiveros
16/09/2021 - 12:30
Precision cosmology: now what?
The standard cosmological model (the LCDM model) has been established and its parameters are now measured with unprecedented precision. This model successfully describes observations from widely different epochs of the Universe, from primordial nucleosynthesis all the way to the present day. However, there is a big difference between modelling and understanding. The next decade will see the era of large surveys; a large coordinated effort of...
Dra. Licia Verde
09/09/2021 - 17:00
SO Webloquio: A new look at our star: the Daniel K. Inouye Solar Telescope
The Sun represents a template for much of our understanding of the workings of a "cool" star, and its proximity allows us to observe exquisite details at its surface, with current facilities routinely reaching resolutions of few hundreds of km on the solar disk. Yet, many questions still linger, in particular concerning the actual mechanism(s) that create and maintain a hot outer atmosphere (chromosphere, transition region and corona) as well as...
Dr. Gianna Cauzzi
02/09/2021 - 15:00
The Lucy mission: exploring the unexplored
Lucy is planned to launch in 2021 on a United Launch Alliance Atlas V launch vehicle, after which it will gain two gravity assists from Earth; one in 2022, and one in 2024. In 2025, it will fly by the inner main- belt asteroid (52246) Donaldjohanson, which was named after the discoverer of the Lucy hominid fossil. In 2027, it will arrive at the L4 Trojan cloud (the Greek camp of asteroids that orbits about 60° ahead of Jupiter), where it will...
Dr. Adriana Ocampo